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[PATCH 0/6] Compile cleanly in pedantic mode

While developing 6aaded550 ("builtin/config: work around an unsized
array forward declaration", 2018-07-05), I have compiled Git with
CFLAGS="-std=c99 -pedantic".

This series fixes a few compiler warnings when compiling with these

Note that all warnings were produced by -pedantic; the C99 standard
option by itself didn't cause any of them.

The warnings were:

1) Char arrays initialized from a parenthesized string.

        Suppressed by defining USE_PARENS_AROUND_GETTEXT_N to 0
        globally. This was done just to keep the amount of warnings
        manageable; this series leaves that knob alone. The advantage of
        not mistakenly concatenating two translated strings is greater.

2) connect.h, refs/refs-internal.h: Forward reference to an enum.

        Added two #includes that define the enums. This was already
        (inconclusively) talked about in [0].

3) convert.c: Invalid escape sequence "\e".

        Replaced with "\033".

4) sequencer.c: Empty statements at top level.

        Removed the extra semicolons.

5) string-list.c: Forbidden to cast from void * to a function pointer and
   vice versa.

        Encapsulated the function pointer in a context struct. This is
        controversial because it has a performance impact, namely one
        additional pointer dereference per string comparison. An
        alternative might be to use multiple casts via intptr_t. But
        I'm not sure if this is worth the trouble.

6) utf8.c: overflow of char values.

        Used proper char literals for the BOM constants.

This series has patches for 2) to 6).


[0] https://public-inbox.org/git/53ab8626-f862-a732-b369-abeab69a468f@xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx/T/

Beat Bolli (6):
  connect.h: avoid forward declaration of an enum
  refs/refs-internal.h: avoid forward declaration of an enum
  convert.c: replace "\e" escapes with "\033".
  sequencer.c: avoid empty statements at top level
  string-list.c: avoid conversion from void * to function pointer
  utf8.c: avoid char overflow

 connect.h            |  2 ++
 convert.c            |  2 +-
 path.h               |  2 +-
 refs/refs-internal.h |  2 ++
 sequencer.c          |  4 ++--
 string-list.c        | 18 ++++++++++++++----
 utf8.c               |  8 ++++----
 7 files changed, 26 insertions(+), 12 deletions(-)

Interdiff from the RFC series:

diff --git a/path.h b/path.h
index 1ccd0373c9..fc9d3487a0 100644
--- a/path.h
+++ b/path.h
@@ -147,7 +147,7 @@ extern void report_linked_checkout_garbage(void);
  * You can define a static memoized git path like:
- *    static GIT_PATH_FUNC(git_path_foo, "FOO");
+ *    static GIT_PATH_FUNC(git_path_foo, "FOO")
  * or use one of the global ones below.
diff --git a/utf8.c b/utf8.c
index 833ce00617..982217eec9 100644
--- a/utf8.c
+++ b/utf8.c
@@ -561,15 +561,15 @@ char *reencode_string_len(const char *in, int insz,

 static int has_bom_prefix(const char *data, size_t len,
-                         const unsigned char *bom, size_t bom_len)
+                         const char *bom, size_t bom_len)
        return data && bom && (len >= bom_len) && !memcmp(data, bom, bom_len);

-static const unsigned char utf16_be_bom[] = {0xFE, 0xFF};
-static const unsigned char utf16_le_bom[] = {0xFF, 0xFE};
-static const unsigned char utf32_be_bom[] = {0x00, 0x00, 0xFE, 0xFF};
-static const unsigned char utf32_le_bom[] = {0xFF, 0xFE, 0x00, 0x00};
+static const char utf16_be_bom[] = {'\xFE', '\xFF'};
+static const char utf16_le_bom[] = {'\xFF', '\xFE'};
+static const char utf32_be_bom[] = {'\0', '\0', '\xFE', '\xFF'};
+static const char utf32_le_bom[] = {'\xFF', '\xFE', '\0', '\0'};

 int has_prohibited_utf_bom(const char *enc, const char *data, size_t len)