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Re: [PATCH 2/8] upload-pack: implement ref-in-want




On 06/07, Ævar Arnfjörð Bjarmason wrote:
> 
> On Wed, Jun 06 2018, Brandon Williams wrote:
> 
> > On 06/05, Ævar Arnfjörð Bjarmason wrote:
> >>
> >> On Tue, Jun 05 2018, Brandon Williams wrote:
> >>
> >> > +uploadpack.allowRefInWant::
> >> > +	If this option is set, `upload-pack` will support the `ref-in-want`
> >> > +	feature of the protocol version 2 `fetch` command.
> >> > +
> >>
> >> I think it makes sense to elaborate a bit on what this is for. Having
> >> read this series through, and to make sure I understood this, maybe
> >> something like this:
> >>
> >>    This feature is intended for the benefit of load-balanced servers
> >>    which may not have the same view of what SHA-1s their refs point to,
> >>    but are guaranteed to never advertise a reference that another server
> >>    serving the request doesn't know about.
> >>
> >> I.e. from what I can tell this gives no benefits for someone using a
> >> monolithic git server, except insofar as there would be a slight
> >> decrease in network traffic if the average length of refs is less than
> >> the length of a SHA-1.
> >
> > Yeah I agree that the motivation should probably be spelled out more,
> > thanks for the suggestion.
> >
> >>
> >> That's fair enough, just something we should prominently say.
> >>
> >> It does have the "disadvantage", if you can call it that, that it's
> >> introducing a race condition between when we read the ref advertisement
> >> and are promised XYZ refs, but may actually get ABC, but I can't think
> >> of a reason anyone would care about this in practice.
> >>
> >> The reason I'm saying "another server [...] doesn't know about" above is
> >> that 2/8 has this:
> >>
> >> 	if (read_ref(arg, &oid))
> >> 		die("unknown ref %s", arg);
> >>
> >> Doesn't that mean that if server A in your pool advertises master, next
> >> & pu, and you then go and fetch from server B advertising master & next,
> >> but not "pu" that the clone will die?
> >>
> >> Presumably at Google you either have something to ensure a consistent
> >> view, e.g. only advertise refs by name older than N seconds, or globally
> >> update ref name but not their contents, and don't allow deleting refs
> >> (or give them the same treatment).
> >>
> >> But that, and again, I may have misunderstood this whole thing,
> >> significantly reduces the utility of this feature for anyone "in the
> >> wild" since nothing shipped with "git" gives you that feature.
> >>
> >> The naïve way to do slave mirroring with stock git is to have a
> >> post-receive hook that pushes to your mirrors in a for-loop, or has them
> >> fetch from the master in a loop, and then round-robin LB those
> >> servers. Due to the "die on nonexisting" semantics in this extension
> >> that'll result in failed clones.
> >>
> >> So I think we should either be really vocal about that caveat, or
> >> perhaps think of how we could make that configurable, e.g. what happens
> >> if the server says "sorry, don't know about that one", and carries on
> >> with the rest it does know about?
> >
> > Jonathan actually pointed this out to me earlier and I think the best
> > way to deal with this is to just ignore the refs that the server doesn't
> > know about instead of dying here. I mean its no worse than what we
> > already have and we shouldn't hit this case too often.  And that way the
> > fetch can still proceed.
> >
> >>
> >> Is there a way for client & server to gracefully recover from that?
> >> E.g. send "master" & "next" now, and when I pull again in a few seconds
> >> I get the new "pu"?
> >
> > I think in this case the client would just need to wait for some amount
> > of replication delay and attempt fetching at a later point.
> >
> >>
> >> Also, as a digression isn't that a problem shared with protocol v2 in
> >> general? I.e. without this extension isn't it going to make another
> >> connection to the naïve LB'd mirroring setup described above and find
> >> that SHA-1s as well as refs don't match?
> >
> > This is actually an issue with fetch using either v2 or v0.  Unless I'm
> > misunderstanding what you're asking here.
> 
> Isn't the whole dialog in v1 guaranteed to be with one server from
> intial ref advertisement to the client saying have/want, or is that just
> with ssh?

That's only guaranteed with statefull connections (git:// and ssh://),
http:// has this issue because its stateless.

> 
> In any case the reason the above is an issue here is because you're
> getting the advertisement from a different server than you're
> negotiating the pack with, right?

Yes correct, or even a different server on each negotiation round-trip.

> 
> >>
> >> BREAK.
> >>
> >> Also is if this E-Mail wasn't long enough, on a completely different
> >> topic, in an earlier discussion in
> >> https://public-inbox.org/git/87inaje1uv.fsf@xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx/ I noted
> >> that it would be neat-o to have optional wildmatch/pcre etc. matching
> >> for the use case you're not caring about here (and I don't expect you
> >> to, you're solving a different problem).
> >>
> >> But let's say I want to add that after this, and being unfamiliar with
> >> the protocol v2 conventions. Would that be a whole new
> >> ref-in-want-wildmatch-prefix capability with a new
> >> want-ref-wildmatch-prefix verb, or is there some less verbose way we can
> >> anticipate that use-case and internally version / advertise
> >> sub-capabilities?
> >>
> >> I don't know if that makes any sense, and would be fine with just a
> >> ref-in-want-wildmatch-prefix if that's the way to do it. I just think
> >> it's inevitable that we'll have such a thing eventually, so it's worth
> >> thinking about how such a future extension fits in.
> >
> > Yes back when introducing the server-side ref filtering in ls-refs we
> > originally talked about included wildmatch or other forms of pattern
> > matching.  We opted to not over complicate things and favored prefix
> > matching because it didn't bake in some subset of globbing or regex and
> > it was easier to compute on the server side.
> >
> > Anyway back to your question.  Yes if at some point in the future we
> > wanted to add in wildmatch/pcre to the protocol for ls-refs or for
> > ref-in-want then it could be added as a feature or capability.  I don't
> > think it would require adding a whole new verb (it probably would for
> > the ls-refs case since the verb used there is "ref-prefix") but the
> > capability could mean that the "want-ref" verb now understands wildmatch
> > patterns in addition to fully qualified refs.
> 
> Probably still makes sense to have it be a different verb since some
> things in wildmatch / regex are metachars but may be valid in ref names.

Yeah we can leave that up to the designer of such a feature ;) 

> 
> Thanks!

-- 
Brandon Williams