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[PATCH v2 6/7] gc --auto: exclude base pack if not enough mem to "repack -ad"




pack-objects could be a big memory hog especially on large repos,
everybody knows that. The suggestion to stick a .keep file on the
giant base pack to avoid this problem is also known for a long time.

Recent patches add an option to do just this, but it has to be either
configured or activated manually. This patch lets `git gc --auto`
activate this mode automatically when it thinks `repack -ad` will use
a lot of memory and start affecting the system due to swapping or
flushing OS cache.

gc --auto decides to do this based on an estimation of pack-objects
memory usage, which is quite accurate at least for the heap part, and
whether that fits in half of system memory (the assumption here is for
desktop environment where there are many other applications running).

This mechanism only kicks in if gc.bigBasePackThreshold is not configured.
If it is, it is assumed that the user already knows what they want.

Signed-off-by: Nguyễn Thái Ngọc Duy <pclouds@xxxxxxxxx>
---
 Documentation/git-gc.txt |  9 +++-
 builtin/gc.c             | 98 +++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++-
 builtin/pack-objects.c   |  2 +-
 config.mak.uname         |  1 +
 git-compat-util.h        |  4 ++
 pack-objects.h           |  2 +
 t/t6500-gc.sh            |  7 +++
 7 files changed, 119 insertions(+), 4 deletions(-)

diff --git a/Documentation/git-gc.txt b/Documentation/git-gc.txt
index 649faddfa6..0fb1d43b2c 100644
--- a/Documentation/git-gc.txt
+++ b/Documentation/git-gc.txt
@@ -59,8 +59,13 @@ If the number of packs exceeds the value of `gc.autoPackLimit`,
 then existing packs (except those marked with a `.keep` file
 or over `gc.bigPackThreshold` limit)
 are consolidated into a single pack by using the `-A` option of
-'git repack'. Setting `gc.autoPackLimit` to 0 disables
-automatic consolidation of packs.
+'git repack'.
+If the amount of memory is estimated not enough for `git repack` to
+run smoothly and `gc.bigPackThreshold` is not set, the largest
+pack will also be excluded (this is the equivalent of running `git gc`
+with `--keep-base-pack`).
+Setting `gc.autoPackLimit` to 0 disables automatic consolidation of
+packs.
 +
 If houskeeping is required due to many loose objects or packs, all
 other housekeeping tasks (e.g. rerere, working trees, reflog...) will
diff --git a/builtin/gc.c b/builtin/gc.c
index 23c17ba7e9..3c7c93e961 100644
--- a/builtin/gc.c
+++ b/builtin/gc.c
@@ -22,6 +22,10 @@
 #include "commit.h"
 #include "packfile.h"
 #include "object-store.h"
+#include "pack.h"
+#include "pack-objects.h"
+#include "blob.h"
+#include "tree.h"
 
 #define FAILED_RUN "failed to run %s"
 
@@ -42,6 +46,7 @@ static const char *gc_log_expire = "1.day.ago";
 static const char *prune_expire = "2.weeks.ago";
 static const char *prune_worktrees_expire = "3.months.ago";
 static unsigned long big_pack_threshold;
+static unsigned long max_delta_cache_size = DEFAULT_DELTA_CACHE_SIZE;
 
 static struct argv_array pack_refs_cmd = ARGV_ARRAY_INIT;
 static struct argv_array reflog = ARGV_ARRAY_INIT;
@@ -130,6 +135,7 @@ static void gc_config(void)
 	git_config_get_expiry("gc.logexpiry", &gc_log_expire);
 
 	git_config_get_ulong("gc.bigpackthreshold", &big_pack_threshold);
+	git_config_get_ulong("pack.deltacachesize", &max_delta_cache_size);
 
 	git_config(git_default_config, NULL);
 }
@@ -169,7 +175,8 @@ static int too_many_loose_objects(void)
 	return needed;
 }
 
-static void find_base_packs(struct string_list *packs, unsigned long limit)
+static struct packed_git *find_base_packs(struct string_list *packs,
+					  unsigned long limit)
 {
 	struct packed_git *p, *base = NULL;
 
@@ -186,6 +193,8 @@ static void find_base_packs(struct string_list *packs, unsigned long limit)
 
 	if (base)
 		string_list_append(packs, base->pack_name);
+
+	return base;
 }
 
 static int too_many_packs(void)
@@ -210,6 +219,79 @@ static int too_many_packs(void)
 	return gc_auto_pack_limit < cnt;
 }
 
+static uint64_t total_ram(void)
+{
+#if defined(HAVE_SYSINFO)
+	struct sysinfo si;
+
+	if (!sysinfo(&si))
+		return si.totalram;
+#elif defined(HAVE_BSD_SYSCTL) && (defined(HW_MEMSIZE) || defined(HW_PHYSMEM))
+	int64_t physical_memory;
+	int mib[2];
+	size_t length;
+
+	mib[0] = CTL_HW;
+# if defined(HW_MEMSIZE)
+	mib[1] = HW_MEMSIZE;
+# else
+	mib[1] = HW_PHYSMEM;
+# endif
+	length = sizeof(int64_t);
+	if (!sysctl(mib, 2, &physical_memory, &length, NULL, 0))
+		return physical_memory;
+#elif defined(GIT_WINDOWS_NATIVE)
+	MEMORYSTATUSEX memInfo;
+
+	memInfo.dwLength = sizeof(MEMORYSTATUSEX);
+	if (GlobalMemoryStatusEx(&memInfo))
+		return memInfo.ullTotalPhys;
+#endif
+	return 0;
+}
+
+static uint64_t estimate_repack_memory(struct packed_git *pack)
+{
+	unsigned long nr_objects = approximate_object_count();
+	size_t os_cache, heap;
+
+	if (!pack || !nr_objects)
+		return 0;
+
+	/*
+	 * First we have to scan through at least one pack.
+	 * Assume enough room in OS file cache to keep the entire pack
+	 * or we may accidentally evict data of other processes from
+	 * the cache.
+	 */
+	os_cache = pack->pack_size + pack->index_size;
+	/* then pack-objects needs lots more for book keeping */
+	heap = sizeof(struct object_entry) * nr_objects;
+	/*
+	 * internal rev-list --all --objects takes up some memory too,
+	 * let's say half of it is for blobs
+	 */
+	heap += sizeof(struct blob) * nr_objects / 2;
+	/*
+	 * and the other half is for trees (commits and tags are
+	 * usually insignificant)
+	 */
+	heap += sizeof(struct tree) * nr_objects / 2;
+	/* and then obj_hash[], underestimated in fact */
+	heap += sizeof(struct object *) * nr_objects;
+	/* revindex is used also */
+	heap += sizeof(struct revindex_entry) * nr_objects;
+	/*
+	 * read_sha1_file() (either at delta calculation phase, or
+	 * writing phase) also fills up the delta base cache
+	 */
+	heap += delta_base_cache_limit;
+	/* and of course pack-objects has its own delta cache */
+	heap += max_delta_cache_size;
+
+	return os_cache + heap;
+}
+
 static int keep_one_pack(struct string_list_item *item, void *data)
 {
 	argv_array_pushf(&repack, "--keep-pack=%s", basename(item->string));
@@ -260,6 +342,20 @@ static int need_to_gc(void)
 				string_list_clear(&keep_pack, 0);
 				find_base_packs(&keep_pack, 0);
 			}
+		} else {
+			struct packed_git *p = find_base_packs(&keep_pack, 0);
+			uint64_t mem_have, mem_want;
+
+			mem_have = total_ram();
+			mem_want = estimate_repack_memory(p);
+
+			/*
+			 * Only allow 1/2 of memory for pack-objects, leave
+			 * the rest for the OS and other processes in the
+			 * system.
+			 */
+			if (!mem_have || mem_want < mem_have / 2)
+				string_list_clear(&keep_pack, 0);
 		}
 
 		add_repack_all_option(&keep_pack);
diff --git a/builtin/pack-objects.c b/builtin/pack-objects.c
index 9b9a6d6268..c77bea404d 100644
--- a/builtin/pack-objects.c
+++ b/builtin/pack-objects.c
@@ -82,7 +82,7 @@ static uint16_t write_bitmap_options;
 static int exclude_promisor_objects;
 
 static unsigned long delta_cache_size = 0;
-static unsigned long max_delta_cache_size = 256 * 1024 * 1024;
+static unsigned long max_delta_cache_size = DEFAULT_DELTA_CACHE_SIZE;
 static unsigned long cache_max_small_delta_size = 1000;
 
 static unsigned long window_memory_limit = 0;
diff --git a/config.mak.uname b/config.mak.uname
index 6a1d0de0cc..ae9cbccec1 100644
--- a/config.mak.uname
+++ b/config.mak.uname
@@ -37,6 +37,7 @@ ifeq ($(uname_S),Linux)
 	HAVE_GETDELIM = YesPlease
 	SANE_TEXT_GREP=-a
 	FREAD_READS_DIRECTORIES = UnfortunatelyYes
+	BASIC_CFLAGS += -DHAVE_SYSINFO
 endif
 ifeq ($(uname_S),GNU/kFreeBSD)
 	HAVE_ALLOCA_H = YesPlease
diff --git a/git-compat-util.h b/git-compat-util.h
index 07e383257b..e373af48b8 100644
--- a/git-compat-util.h
+++ b/git-compat-util.h
@@ -284,6 +284,10 @@ extern char *gitdirname(char *);
 #include <openssl/err.h>
 #endif
 
+#ifdef HAVE_SYSINFO
+# include <sys/sysinfo.h>
+#endif
+
 /* On most systems <netdb.h> would have given us this, but
  * not on some systems (e.g. z/OS).
  */
diff --git a/pack-objects.h b/pack-objects.h
index 03f1191659..af4f46c026 100644
--- a/pack-objects.h
+++ b/pack-objects.h
@@ -1,6 +1,8 @@
 #ifndef PACK_OBJECTS_H
 #define PACK_OBJECTS_H
 
+#define DEFAULT_DELTA_CACHE_SIZE (256 * 1024 * 1024)
+
 struct object_entry {
 	struct pack_idx_entry idx;
 	unsigned long size;	/* uncompressed size */
diff --git a/t/t6500-gc.sh b/t/t6500-gc.sh
index c42f60bc5b..818435f04e 100755
--- a/t/t6500-gc.sh
+++ b/t/t6500-gc.sh
@@ -5,6 +5,13 @@ test_description='basic git gc tests
 
 . ./test-lib.sh
 
+test_expect_success 'setup' '
+	# do not let the amount of physical memory affects gc
+	# behavior, make sure we always pack everything to one pack by
+	# default
+	git config gc.bigPackThreshold 2g
+'
+
 test_expect_success 'gc empty repository' '
 	git gc
 '
-- 
2.17.0.367.g5dd2e386c3