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Re: Reduce pack-objects memory footprint?

On Wed, Feb 28, 2018 at 05:58:50PM +0700, Duy Nguyen wrote:

> > Yeah, the per object memory footprint is not great. Around 100 million
> > objects it becomes pretty ridiculous. I started to dig into it a year or
> > three ago when I saw such a case, but it turned out to be something that
> > we could prune.
> We could? What could we prune?

Sorry, I just meant that my 100 million-object case turned out not to
need all those objects, and I was able to prune it down. No code fixes
came out of it. ;)

> > The torvalds/linux fork network has ~23 million objects,
> > so it's probably 7-8 GB of book-keeping. Which is gross, but 64GB in a
> > server isn't uncommon these days.
> I wonder if we could just do book keeping for some but not all objects
> because all objects simply do not scale. Say we have a big pack of
> many GBs, could we keep the 80% of its bottom untouched, register the
> top 20% (mostly non-blobs, and some more blobs as delta base) for
> repack? We copy the bottom part to the new pack byte-by-byte, then
> pack-objects rebuilds the top part with objects from other sources.

Yes, though I think it would take a fair bit of surgery to do
internally. And some features (like bitmap generation) just wouldn't
work at all.

I suspect you could simulate it, though, by just packing your subset
with pack-objects (feeding it directly without using "--revs") and then
catting the resulting packfiles together with a fixed-up header.

At one point I played with a "fast pack" that would just cat packfiles
together. My goal was to make cases with 10,000 packs workable by
creating one lousy pack, and then repacking that lousy pack with a
"real" repack. In the end I abandoned it in favor of fixing the
performance problems from trying to make a real pack of 10,000 packs. :)

But I might be able to dig it up if you want to experiment in that

> They are 32 bytes per entry, so it should take less than object_entry.
> I briefly wondered if we should fall back to external rev-list too,
> just to free that memory.
> So about 200 MB for those objects (or maybe more for commits). Add 256
> MB delta cache on top, it's still a bit far from 1.7G. There's
> something I'm still missing.

Are you looking at RSS or heap? Keep in mind that you're mmap-ing what's
probably a 1GB packfile on disk. If you're under memory pressure that
won't all stay resident, but some of it will be counted in RSS.

> Pity we can't do the same for 'struct object'. Most of the time we
> have a giant .idx file with most hashes. We could look up in both
> places: the hash table in object.c, and the idx file, to find an
> object. Then those objects that are associated with .idx file will not
> need "oid" field (needed to as key for the hash table). But I see no
> way to make that change.

Yeah, that would be pretty invasive, I think. I also wonder if it would
perform worse due to cache effects.