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Re: Fetch-hooks

On 02/10, Leo Gaspard wrote:
> On 02/10/2018 01:21 PM, Jeff King wrote:
> > On Sat, Feb 10, 2018 at 01:37:20AM +0100, Leo Gaspard wrote:
> > 
> >>> Yeah, tag-following may be a little tricky, because it usually wants to
> >>> write to refs/tags/. One workaround would be to have your config look
> >>> like this:
> >>>
> >>>   [remote "origin"]
> >>>   fetch = +refs/heads/*:refs/quarantine/origin/heads/*
> >>>   fetch = +refs/tags/*:refs/quarantine/origin/tags/*
> >>>   tagOpt = --no-tags
> >>>
> >>> That's not exactly the same thing, because it would fetch all tags, not
> >>> just those that point to the history on the branches. But in most
> >>> repositories and workflows the distinction doesn't matter.
> >>
> >> Hmm... apart from the implementation complexity (of which I have no
> >> idea), is there an argument against the idea of adding a
> >> remote.<name>.fetchTagsTo refmap similar to remote.<name>.fetch but used
> >> every time a tag is fetched? (well, maybe not exactly similar to
> >> remote.<name>.fetch because we know the source is going to be
> >> refs/tags/*; so just having the part of .fetch past the ':' would be
> >> more like what's needed I guess)
> > 
> > I don't think it would be too hard to implement, and is at least
> > logically consistent with the way we handle tags.
> > 
> > If we were designing from scratch, I do think this would all be helped
> > immensely by having more separation of refs fetched from remotes. There
> > was a proposal in the v1.8 era to fetch everything for a remote,
> > including tags, into "refs/remotes/origin/heads/",
> > "refs/remotes/origin/tags/", etc. And then we'd teach the lookup side to
> > look for tags in each of the remote-tag namespaces.
> > 
> > I still think that would be a good direction to go, but it would be a
> > big project (which is why the original stalled).
> Hmm... would this also drown the remote.<name>.fetch map? Also, I think
> this behavior could be emulated with fetch and fetchTagsTo, and it would
> look like:
> [remote "my-remote"]
>     fetch = +refs/heads/*:refs/remotes/my-remote/heads/*
>     fetchTagsTo = refs/remotes/my-remote/tags/*
> The remaining issue being to teach the lookup side to look for tags in
> all the remote-tag namespaces (and the fact it's a breaking change).
> That said, actually I just noticed an issue in the “add a
> remote.<name>.fetch option to fetch to refs/quarantine then have the
> post-fetch hook do the work”: it means if I run `git pull`, then:
>  1. The remote references will be pulled to refs/quarantine/...
>  2. The post-fetch hook will copy the accepted ones to refs/remotes/...
>  3. The `git merge FETCH_HEAD` called by pull will merge FETCH_HEAD into
> local branches... and so merge from refs/quarantine.
> A solution would be to also update FETCH_HEAD in the post-fetch hook,
> but then we're back to the issue raised by Junio after the “*HOWEVER*”
> of [1]: the hook writer has to maintain consistency between the “copied”
> references and FETCH_HEAD.
> So, when thinking about it, I'm back to thinking the proper hook
> interface should be the one of the tweak-fetch hook, but its
> implementation should make it not go crazy on remote servers. And so
> that the implementation should do all this refs/quarantine wizardry
> inside git itself.
> So basically what I'm getting at at the moment is that git fetch should:
>  1. fetch all the references to refs/real-remotes/<name>/{insert here a
> copy of the refs/ tree of <name>}
>  2. figure out what the “expected” names for these references will by,
> by looking at remote.<name>.fetch (and at whether --tags was passed)
>  3. for each “expected” name,
>      1. if a tweak-fetch hook is present, call it with the
> refs/real-remotes/... refname and the “expected end-name” from
> remote.<name>.fetch
>      2. based on the hook's result, potentially to move the “expected
> end-name” to another commit than the one referenced by refs/real-remotes/...
>      3. move the “expected” name to the commit referenced in
> refs/real-remotes
> Which would make the tweak-fetch hook interface simpler (though more
> restrictive, but I don't have any real use case for the other change
> possibilities) than it is now:
>  1. feed the hook with lines of
> “refs/real-remotes/my-remote/heads/my-branch
> refs/remotes/my-remote/my-branch” (assuming remote.my-remote.fetch is
> “normal”) or “refs/real-remotes/my-remote/tags/my-tag refs/tags/my-tag”
> (if my-tag is being fetched from my-remote)
>  2. read lines of “<refspec> refs/remotes/my-remote/my-branch”, that
> will re-point my-branch to <refspec> instead of
> refs/real-remotes/my-remote/heads/my-branch. In order to avoid any
> issue, the hook is not allowed to pass as second output a reference that
> was not passed as second input.
> This way, the behavior of the tweak-fetch hook is reasonably preserved
> (at least for my use case), and there is no additional load on the
> servers thanks to the up-to-date references being stored in
> refs/real-remotes/<name>/<refspec>
> Does this reasoning make any sense?
> [1] https://marc.info/?l=git&m=132478296309094&w=2

Maybe this isn't helpful but you may be able to implement this by using
a remote-helper.  The helper could perform any sort of caching it needed
to prevent re-downloading large amounts of data that is potentially
thrown away, while only sending through the relevant commits which
satisfy some criteria (signed, etc.).

Brandon Williams