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[PATCH v5 0/3] RUNTIME_PREFIX relocatable Git

This patch set expands support for the RUNTIME_PREFIX configuration flag,
currently only used on Windows builds, to include Linux, Darwin, and
FreeBSD. When Git is built with RUNTIME_PREFIX enabled, it resolves its
ancillary paths relative to the runtime location of its executable
rather than hard-coding them at compile-time, allowing a Git
installation to be deployed to a path other than the one in which it
was built/installed.

Note that RUNTIME_PREFIX is not currently used outside of Windows.
This patch set should not have an impact on default Git builds.

I'm uploading an updated patch set now that avarab@'s Perl Makefile
simplification patch set has advanced and seems to be stable. Please take
a look and let me know what you think!

Previous threads:
v1: https://public-inbox.org/git/20171116170523.28696-1-dnj@xxxxxxxxxx/
v2: https://public-inbox.org/git/20171119173141.4896-1-dnj@xxxxxxxxxx/
v3: https://public-inbox.org/git/20171127164055.93283-1-dnj@xxxxxxxxxx/
v4: https://public-inbox.org/git/20171129223807.91343-1-dnj@xxxxxxxxxx/

Changes in v5 from v4:

- Rebase on top of "next", notably incorporating the
  "ab/simplify-perl-makefile" branch.
- Cleaner Makefile relative path enforcement.
- Update Perl header template path now that the "perl/" directory has
  fewer build-related files in it.
- Update Perl runtime prefix header to use a general system path resolution
- Implemented the injection of the locale directory into Perl's
  "Git/I18N.pm" module from the runtime prefix Perl script header.
- Updated Perl's "Git/I18N.pm" module to accept injected locale directory.
- Added more content to some comments.

=== Testing ===

The latest patch set is available for testing on my GitHub fork, including
"travis.ci" testing. The "runtime-prefix" branch includes a "config.mak"
commit that enables runtime prefix for the Travis build; the
"runtime-prefix-no-config" omits this file, testing this patch without
runtime prefix enabled:
- https://github.com/danjacques/git/tree/runtime-prefix
- https://travis-ci.org/danjacques/git/branches

Built/tested locally using this "config.mak" w/ autoconf:

=== Example config.mak ===

## (BEGIN config.mak)

gitexecdir = libexec/git-core
template_dir = share/git-core/templates
sysconfdir = etc

## (END config.mak)

=== Revision History ===

Changes in v4 from v3:

- Incorporated some quoting and Makefile dependency fixes, courtesy of

Changes in v3 from v2:

- Broken into multiple patches now that Perl is isolated in its own
- Working with avarab@, several changes to Perl script runtime prefix
  - Moved Perl header body content from Makefile into external template
  - Added generic "perllibdir" variable to override Perl installation
  - RUNTIME_PREFIX_PERL generated script header is more descriptive and
    consistent with how the C version operates.
  - Fixed Generated Perl header Makefile dependency, should rebuild
    when dependent files and flags change.
- Changed some of the new RUNTIME_PREFIX trace strings to use consistent
  formatting and terminology.

Changes in v2 from v1:

- Added comments and formatting to improve readability of
  platform-sepecific executable path resolution sleds in
- Consolidated "cached_exec_path" and "argv_exec_path" globals
  into "exec_path_value".
- Use `strbuf_realpath` instead of `realpath` for procfs resolution.
- Removed new environment variable exports. Git with RUNTIME_PREFIX no
  longer exports or consumes any additional environment information.
- Updated Perl script resolution strategy: rather than having Git export
  the relative executable path to the Perl scripts, they now resolve
  it independently when RUNTIME_PREFIX_PERL is enabled.
- Updated resolution strategy for "gettext()": use system_path() instead
  of special environment variable.
- Added `sysctl` executable resolution support for BSDs that don't
  mount "procfs" by default (most of them).

Dan Jacques (3):
  Makefile: generate Perl header from template file
  Makefile: add Perl runtime prefix support
  exec_cmd: RUNTIME_PREFIX on some POSIX systems

 .gitignore                                       |   1 +
 Makefile                                         | 114 +++++++++--
 cache.h                                          |   1 +
 common-main.c                                    |   4 +-
 config.mak.uname                                 |   7 +
 exec_cmd.c                                       | 241 ++++++++++++++++++++---
 exec_cmd.h                                       |   4 +-
 gettext.c                                        |   8 +-
 git.c                                            |   2 +-
 perl/Git/I18N.pm                                 |   2 +-
 perl/header_templates/fixed_prefix.template.pl   |   1 +
 perl/header_templates/runtime_prefix.template.pl |  32 +++
 12 files changed, 364 insertions(+), 53 deletions(-)
 create mode 100644 perl/header_templates/fixed_prefix.template.pl
 create mode 100644 perl/header_templates/runtime_prefix.template.pl