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Re: [PATCH] config: use a static lock_file struct




On 08/29, Jeff King wrote:
> On Tue, Aug 29, 2017 at 02:53:41PM -0400, Jeff King wrote:
> 
> > It looks like the config code has a minor-ish leak. Patch to follow.
> 
> Here it is.
> 
> -- >8 --
> Subject: [PATCH] config: use a static lock_file struct
> 
> When modifying git config, we xcalloc() a struct lock_file
> but never free it. This is necessary because the tempfile
> code (upon which the locking code is built) requires that
> the resulting struct remain valid through the life of the
> program. However, it also confuses leak-checkers like
> valgrind because only the inner "struct tempfile" is still
> reachable; no pointer to the outer lock_file is kept.

Is this just due to a limitation in the tempfile code?  Would it be
possible to improve the tempfile code such that we don't need to require
that a tempfile, once created, is required to exist for the remaining
life of the program?

> 
> Other code paths solve this by using a single static lock
> struct. We can do the same here, because we know that we'll
> only lock and modify one config file at a time (and
> assertions within the lockfile code will ensure that this
> remains the case).
> 
> That removes a real leak (when we fail to free the struct
> after locking fails) as well as removes the valgrind false
> positive. It also means that doing N sequential
> config-writes will use a constant amount of memory, rather
> than leaving stale lock_files for each.
> 
> Note that since "lock" is no longer a pointer, it can't be
> NULL anymore. But that's OK. We used that feature only to
> avoid calling rollback_lock_file() on an already-committed
> lock. Since the lockfile code keeps its own "active" flag,
> it's a noop to rollback an inactive lock, and we don't have
> to worry about this ourselves.
> 
> Signed-off-by: Jeff King <peff@xxxxxxxx>
> ---
> In the long run we may want to drop the "tempfiles must remain forever"
> rule. This is certainly not the first time it has caused confusion or
> leaks. And I don't think it's a fundamental issue, just the way the code
> is written. But in the interim, this fix is probably worth doing.
> 
>  config.c | 24 +++++++-----------------
>  1 file changed, 7 insertions(+), 17 deletions(-)
> 
> diff --git a/config.c b/config.c
> index d0d8ce823a..1603f96e40 100644
> --- a/config.c
> +++ b/config.c
> @@ -2450,7 +2450,7 @@ int git_config_set_multivar_in_file_gently(const char *config_filename,
>  {
>  	int fd = -1, in_fd = -1;
>  	int ret;
> -	struct lock_file *lock = NULL;
> +	static struct lock_file lock;
>  	char *filename_buf = NULL;
>  	char *contents = NULL;
>  	size_t contents_sz;
> @@ -2469,8 +2469,7 @@ int git_config_set_multivar_in_file_gently(const char *config_filename,
>  	 * The lock serves a purpose in addition to locking: the new
>  	 * contents of .git/config will be written into it.
>  	 */
> -	lock = xcalloc(1, sizeof(struct lock_file));
> -	fd = hold_lock_file_for_update(lock, config_filename, 0);
> +	fd = hold_lock_file_for_update(&lock, config_filename, 0);
>  	if (fd < 0) {
>  		error_errno("could not lock config file %s", config_filename);
>  		free(store.key);
> @@ -2583,8 +2582,8 @@ int git_config_set_multivar_in_file_gently(const char *config_filename,
>  		close(in_fd);
>  		in_fd = -1;
>  
> -		if (chmod(get_lock_file_path(lock), st.st_mode & 07777) < 0) {
> -			error_errno("chmod on %s failed", get_lock_file_path(lock));
> +		if (chmod(get_lock_file_path(&lock), st.st_mode & 07777) < 0) {
> +			error_errno("chmod on %s failed", get_lock_file_path(&lock));
>  			ret = CONFIG_NO_WRITE;
>  			goto out_free;
>  		}
> @@ -2639,28 +2638,19 @@ int git_config_set_multivar_in_file_gently(const char *config_filename,
>  		contents = NULL;
>  	}
>  
> -	if (commit_lock_file(lock) < 0) {
> +	if (commit_lock_file(&lock) < 0) {
>  		error_errno("could not write config file %s", config_filename);
>  		ret = CONFIG_NO_WRITE;
> -		lock = NULL;
>  		goto out_free;
>  	}
>  
> -	/*
> -	 * lock is committed, so don't try to roll it back below.
> -	 * NOTE: Since lockfile.c keeps a linked list of all created
> -	 * lock_file structures, it isn't safe to free(lock).  It's
> -	 * better to just leave it hanging around.
> -	 */
> -	lock = NULL;
>  	ret = 0;
>  
>  	/* Invalidate the config cache */
>  	git_config_clear();
>  
>  out_free:
> -	if (lock)
> -		rollback_lock_file(lock);
> +	rollback_lock_file(&lock);
>  	free(filename_buf);
>  	if (contents)
>  		munmap(contents, contents_sz);
> @@ -2669,7 +2659,7 @@ int git_config_set_multivar_in_file_gently(const char *config_filename,
>  	return ret;
>  
>  write_err_out:
> -	ret = write_error(get_lock_file_path(lock));
> +	ret = write_error(get_lock_file_path(&lock));
>  	goto out_free;
>  
>  }
> -- 
> 2.14.1.721.gc5bc1565f1
> 

-- 
Brandon Williams