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Re: Mirroring for offline use - best practices?




Am 12.07.2017 um 19:40 schrieb Stefan Beller:

Thanks for the feedback - it's been very, very useful to me!

> Yes, a local path implies --local in git-clone, which (a) uses hardlinks
> and (b) avoids some other protocol overhead.

I guess (a) is the most important one for repositories large enough to make this kind of stuff matter. I had gathered so much, but I wasn't sure - my own repos aren't large enough to take any measurements.

>> Ramification 1:
>>
>> I'm not sure how best to prepare patches for push-to-upstream.
>> Is there value in collecting them locally into a push-to-upstream repo, or
>> is it better to just push from each local clone individually?
>
> It depends on a lot of things:
> * How critical is the latency in the desired workflow?
>
>    Say you have this setup on a cruise ship and only push once when
> you are in a harbor, then (a) you want to make sure you pushed everything
>    and (b) you care less about latency. Hence you would prefer to collect
>    everything in one repo so nothing gets lost.

Yeah, that's the kind of scenario I'm having.
Less cruise ship (I wish!) and more on-train work during commutes, but it's similar.

But I think the "make sure nothing gets lost" aspect is the most important one. It's so easy to forget to push some sideline branch, particularly if you're in a workflow that uses many branches.

So... an "outbox" repository would be the Right Thing for me.
Not sure how generally applicable this is - what do other people think?

> Say you are in a fast paced environment, where you want instant feedback > on your patches as they are mostly exploratory designs. Then you want to > push directly from the local clone individually to minimize latency, I would
>    imagine.

That's for online work I think.

Of course, there's the situation where you're sometimes offline and sometimes online. I'm not sure how to best handle that - have a script that switches configurations? Just stick with that outbox workflow because switching workflows would invite error?

One thing that's specific to me is that I tend to be active in multiple projects, so I might get home and have queued up pushes in multiple repos.
I'm not sure how to best make sure that I don't forget a push.
OTOH maybe I'm overly optimistic about for how many repositories I might be working on a day, and it's a non-issue.

> * Does a local clone have any value for having the work from
>    another local clone available? In that case you may want to
>    have all your changes accumulated into the mirror.

Yeah, definitely.
A repository I work on might be used as a submodule, and I might want to check the ramifications.

> When a submodule gets deleted (git rm <submodule> && git commit),
> then all entries for that submodule in the .gitmodules file are also removed.
> That seems ok, but in an ideal world we may have a tombstone in there
> (e.g. the submodule.NAME.path still set) that would help for tasks like finding
> all submodules in the future.

I wouldn't want to use tombstone entries actually, because the content of .gitconfig and .gitmodules might have been modified for any number of reasons.

The incantations that I'm using for my own "gitmirror" script are:
1. Get all commits that touch .gitmodules via
  git rev-list --all --full-history -- .gitmodules
2. Get a list of all module names mentioned in that .gitmodules version via
  git config \
  --blob "${commit}:.gitmodules" \
  --name-only \
  --get-regexp "^submodule\..*\.path$"
3. Given the module name, extract path and url via
  git config \
    --blob "${commit}:.gitmodules" \
    --get "submodule.${module_name}.path"
resp.
    --get "submodule.${module_name}.url" \

It's not the most efficient way conceivable, but it's using git's configuration parser, and it won't get put off by manual edits in configuration files .

It's nothing you'd do on the command line, hence the scripting :-)

>> I'm seeing the --recurse-submodules option for git fetch, so this might (or
>> might not) be the Right Thing.
>
> That only works for currently initialized (active) submodules. The submodules
> of the past and those which you do not have, are not fetched.

Aww.
Ah well.

> Without the submodule ramifications, I would have advised to have
> have the local mirror a 'bare' repo.
I'm currently steering towards having a cache for all repositories I ever downloaded, which would live in ~/.cache/gitmirror.

I can turn this script into a public, maintained project if there's interest. Current state is two files, the script itself and a unit test script. It's still in a state of flux so sharing would be for the code reviews at this time, general usefulness would come later.

Regards,
Jo