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[PATCHv2 19/20] diff: buffer all output if asked to




Introduce a new option 'use_buffer' in the struct diff_options which
controls whether all output is buffered up until all output is available.

We'll have a new struct 'buffered_patch_line' in diff.h which will be
used to buffer each line.  The buffered_patch_line will duplicate the
memory of the line to buffer as that is easiest to reason about for now.
In a future patch we may want to decrease the memory usage by not
duplicating all output for buffering but rather we may want to store
offsets into the file or in case of hunk descriptions such as the
similarity score, we could just store the relevant number and
reproduce the text later on.

This approach was chosen as a first step because it is quite simple
compared to the alternative with less memory footprint.

emit_line factors out the emission part into emit_line_emission,
and depending on the diff_options->use_buffer the emission
will be performed directly when calling emit_line or after the
whole process is done, i.e. by buffering we have add the possibility
for a second pass over the whole output before doing the actual
output.

In 6440d34 (2012-03-14, diff: tweak a _copy_ of diff_options with
word-diff) we introduced a duplicate diff options struct for word
emissions as we may have different regex settings in there.
When buffering the output, we need to operate on just one buffer,
so we have to copy back the emissions of the word buffer into the
main buffer.

Unconditionally enable output via buffer in this patch as it yields
a great opportunity for testing, i.e. all the diff tests from the
test suite pass without having reordering issues (i.e. only parts
of the output got buffered, and we forgot to buffer other parts).
The test suite passes, which gives confidence that we converted all
functions to use emit_line for output.

Signed-off-by: Stefan Beller <sbeller@xxxxxxxxxx>
---
 diff.c | 154 ++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++---------------
 diff.h |  39 +++++++++++++++++
 2 files changed, 159 insertions(+), 34 deletions(-)

diff --git a/diff.c b/diff.c
index 34482a6a09..1d8d1786fd 100644
--- a/diff.c
+++ b/diff.c
@@ -516,53 +516,85 @@ static void check_blank_at_eof(mmfile_t *mf1, mmfile_t *mf2,
 	ecbdata->blank_at_eof_in_postimage = (at - l2) + 1;
 }
 
-void emit_line(struct diff_options *o,
-	       const char *set, const char *reset,
-	       int add_line_prefix, int markup_ws,
-	       int sign, const char *line, int len)
+static void emit_buffered_patch_line(struct diff_options *o,
+				     struct buffered_patch_line *e)
 {
 	const char *ws;
 	int has_trailing_newline, has_trailing_carriage_return;
+	int len = e->len;
 	FILE *file = o->file;
 
-	if (add_line_prefix)
+	if (e->add_line_prefix)
 		fputs(diff_line_prefix(o), file);
 
-	if (markup_ws) {
+	switch (e->state) {
+	case BPL_EMIT_LINE_WS:
 		ws = diff_get_color(o->use_color, DIFF_WHITESPACE);
+		if (e->set)
+			fputs(e->set, file);
+		if (e->sign)
+			fputc(e->sign, file);
+		if (e->reset)
+			fputs(e->reset, file);
+		ws_check_emit(e->line, e->len, o->ws_rule,
+			      file, e->set, e->reset, ws);
+		return;
+	case BPL_EMIT_LINE_ASIS:
+		has_trailing_newline = (len > 0 && e->line[len-1] == '\n');
+		if (has_trailing_newline)
+			len--;
+		has_trailing_carriage_return = (len > 0 && e->line[len-1] == '\r');
+		if (has_trailing_carriage_return)
+			len--;
 
-		if (set)
-			fputs(set, file);
-		if (sign)
-			fputc(sign, file);
-		if (reset)
-			fputs(reset, file);
-		ws = diff_get_color(o->use_color, DIFF_WHITESPACE);
-		ws_check_emit(line, len, o->ws_rule,
-			      file, set, reset, ws);
+		if (len || e->sign) {
+			if (e->set)
+				fputs(e->set, file);
+			if (e->sign)
+				fputc(e->sign, file);
+			fwrite(e->line, len, 1, file);
+			if (e->reset)
+				fputs(e->reset, file);
+		}
+		if (has_trailing_carriage_return)
+			fputc('\r', file);
+		if (has_trailing_newline)
+			fputc('\n', file);
+		return;
+	case BPL_HANDOVER:
+		o->ws_rule = whitespace_rule(e->line); /*read from file, stored in line?*/
 		return;
+	default:
+		die("BUG: malformatted buffered patch line: '%d'", e->state);
 	}
+}
 
-	has_trailing_newline = (len > 0 && line[len-1] == '\n');
-	if (has_trailing_newline)
-		len--;
-	has_trailing_carriage_return = (len > 0 && line[len-1] == '\r');
-	if (has_trailing_carriage_return)
-		len--;
+static void append_buffered_patch_line(struct diff_options *o,
+				       struct buffered_patch_line *e)
+{
+	struct buffered_patch_line *f;
+	ALLOC_GROW(o->line_buffer,
+		   o->line_buffer_nr + 1,
+		   o->line_buffer_alloc);
+	f = &o->line_buffer[o->line_buffer_nr++];
 
-	if (len || sign) {
-		if (set)
-			fputs(set, file);
-		if (sign)
-			fputc(sign, file);
-		fwrite(line, len, 1, file);
-		if (reset)
-			fputs(reset, file);
-	}
-	if (has_trailing_carriage_return)
-		fputc('\r', file);
-	if (has_trailing_newline)
-		fputc('\n', file);
+	memcpy(f, e, sizeof(struct buffered_patch_line));
+	f->line = e->line ? xmemdupz(e->line, e->len) : NULL;
+}
+
+void emit_line(struct diff_options *o,
+	       const char *set, const char *reset,
+	       int add_line_prefix, int markup_ws,
+	       int sign, const char *line, int len)
+{
+	struct buffered_patch_line e = {set, reset, line,
+		len, sign, add_line_prefix,
+		markup_ws ? BPL_EMIT_LINE_WS : BPL_EMIT_LINE_ASIS};
+
+	if (o->use_buffer)
+		append_buffered_patch_line(o, &e);
+	else
+		emit_buffered_patch_line(o, &e);
 }
 
 void emit_line_fmt(struct diff_options *o,
@@ -1167,6 +1199,18 @@ static void diff_words_flush(struct emit_callback *ecbdata)
 	if (ecbdata->diff_words->minus.text.size ||
 	    ecbdata->diff_words->plus.text.size)
 		diff_words_show(ecbdata->diff_words);
+
+	if (ecbdata->diff_words->opt->line_buffer_nr) {
+		int i;
+		for (i = 0; i < ecbdata->diff_words->opt->line_buffer_nr; i++)
+			append_buffered_patch_line(ecbdata->opt,
+				&ecbdata->diff_words->opt->line_buffer[i]);
+
+		for (i = 0; i < ecbdata->diff_words->opt->line_buffer_nr; i++)
+			free((void*) ecbdata->diff_words->opt->line_buffer[i].line);
+
+		ecbdata->diff_words->opt->line_buffer_nr = 0;
+	}
 }
 
 static void diff_filespec_load_driver(struct diff_filespec *one)
@@ -1202,6 +1246,11 @@ static void init_diff_words_data(struct emit_callback *ecbdata,
 		xcalloc(1, sizeof(struct diff_words_data));
 	ecbdata->diff_words->type = o->word_diff;
 	ecbdata->diff_words->opt = o;
+
+	o->line_buffer = NULL;
+	o->line_buffer_nr = 0;
+	o->line_buffer_alloc = 0;
+
 	if (!o->word_regex)
 		o->word_regex = userdiff_word_regex(one);
 	if (!o->word_regex)
@@ -1236,6 +1285,7 @@ static void free_diff_words_data(struct emit_callback *ecbdata)
 {
 	if (ecbdata->diff_words) {
 		diff_words_flush(ecbdata);
+		free (ecbdata->diff_words->opt->line_buffer);
 		free (ecbdata->diff_words->opt);
 		free (ecbdata->diff_words->minus.text.ptr);
 		free (ecbdata->diff_words->minus.orig);
@@ -2574,6 +2624,13 @@ static void builtin_diff(const char *name_a,
 			xecfg.ctxlen = strtoul(v, NULL, 10);
 		if (o->word_diff)
 			init_diff_words_data(&ecbdata, o, one, two);
+		if (o->use_buffer) {
+			struct buffered_patch_line e = BUFFERED_PATCH_LINE_INIT;
+			e.state = BPL_HANDOVER;
+			e.line = name_b;
+			e.len = strlen(name_b);
+			append_buffered_patch_line(o, &e);
+		}
 		if (xdi_diff_outf(&mf1, &mf2, fn_out_consume, &ecbdata,
 				  &xpp, &xecfg))
 			die("unable to generate diff for %s", one->path);
@@ -3453,6 +3510,10 @@ void diff_setup(struct diff_options *options)
 		options->a_prefix = "a/";
 		options->b_prefix = "b/";
 	}
+
+	options->line_buffer = NULL;
+	options->line_buffer_nr = 0;
+	options->line_buffer_alloc = 0;
 }
 
 void diff_setup_done(struct diff_options *options)
@@ -4791,11 +4852,36 @@ static void diff_flush_patch_all_file_pairs(struct diff_options *o)
 {
 	int i;
 	struct diff_queue_struct *q = &diff_queued_diff;
+	/*
+	 * For testing purposes we want to make sure the diff machinery
+	 * works completely with the buffer. If there is anything emitted
+	 * outside the emit_buffered_patch_line, then the order is screwed
+	 * up and the tests will fail.
+	 *
+	 * TODO (later in this series):
+	 * We'll unset this flag in a later patch.
+	 */
+	o->use_buffer = 1;
+
 	for (i = 0; i < q->nr; i++) {
 		struct diff_filepair *p = q->queue[i];
 		if (check_pair_status(p))
 			diff_flush_patch(p, o);
 	}
+
+	if (o->use_buffer) {
+		for (i = 0; i < o->line_buffer_nr; i++)
+			emit_buffered_patch_line(o, &o->line_buffer[i]);
+
+		for (i = 0; i < o->line_buffer_nr; i++)
+			free((void*)o->line_buffer[i].line);
+
+		free(o->line_buffer);
+
+		o->line_buffer = NULL;
+		o->line_buffer_nr = 0;
+		o->line_buffer_alloc = 0;
+	}
 }
 
 void diff_flush(struct diff_options *options)
diff --git a/diff.h b/diff.h
index 267acf1980..64bc9bcd8c 100644
--- a/diff.h
+++ b/diff.h
@@ -115,6 +115,41 @@ enum diff_submodule_format {
 	DIFF_SUBMODULE_INLINE_DIFF
 };
 
+/*
+ * This struct is used when we need to buffer the output of the diff output.
+ *
+ * NEEDSWORK: Instead of storing a copy of the line, add an offset pointer
+ * into the pre/post image file. This pointer could be a union with the
+ * line pointer. By storing an offset into the file instead of the literal line,
+ * we can decrease the memory footprint for the buffered output. At first we
+ * may want to only have indirection for the content lines, but we could
+ * also have an enum (based on sign?) that stores prefabricated lines, e.g.
+ * the similarity score line or hunk/file headers.
+ */
+struct buffered_patch_line {
+	const char *set;
+	const char *reset;
+	const char *line;
+	int len;
+	int sign;
+	int add_line_prefix;
+	enum {
+		/*
+		 * Emits [lineprefix][set][sign][reset] and then calls
+		 * ws_check_emit which will output "line", marked up
+		 * according to ws_rule.
+		 */
+		BPL_EMIT_LINE_WS,
+
+		/* Emits [lineprefix][set][sign] line [reset] */
+		BPL_EMIT_LINE_ASIS,
+
+		/* Reloads the ws_rule; line contains the file name */
+		BPL_HANDOVER
+	} state;
+};
+#define BUFFERED_PATCH_LINE_INIT {NULL, NULL, NULL, 0, 0, 0}
+
 struct diff_options {
 	const char *orderfile;
 	const char *pickaxe;
@@ -188,6 +223,10 @@ struct diff_options {
 	int diff_path_counter;
 
 	unsigned ws_rule;
+	int use_buffer;
+
+	struct buffered_patch_line *line_buffer;
+	int line_buffer_nr, line_buffer_alloc;
 };
 
 void emit_line_fmt(struct diff_options *o, const char *set, const char *reset,
-- 
2.13.0.18.g7d86cc8ba0