Web lists-archives.com

Re: git rebase regression: cannot pass a shell expression directly to --exec




On Tue, May 16, 2017 at 9:59 AM, Eric Rannaud <eric.rannaud@xxxxxxxxx> wrote:
> When I use "git rebase --exec <cmd>" I'm basically writing a "foreach
> commit in range { <cmd> }" in my shell. Same idea with git bisect run.
>
> A transparent optimization that tries execve() then falls back to the
> user's shell sounds like a good idea.

One issue with the execve-else-shell optimization is that sometimes a
binary exists that will shadow an exported function or a shell
builtin:

  git rebase --exec true master^^  # OK but in fact this runs /usr/bin/true

In this case it doesn't really matter. If the optimization is only
applied to "simple commands" (i.e. no arguments), then it's probably
OK. I can't think of problematic cases. Except weird things like:

  $ git rebase --exec time master^
  Executing: time
  Usage: time [-apvV] [-f format] [-o file] [--append] [--verbose]
         [--portability] [--format=format] [--output=file] [--version]
         [--help] command [arg...]
  warning: execution failed: time

/usr/bin/time requires an argument. Even though the bash builtin time
runs fine without argument.

  $ time

  real    0m0.000s
  user    0m0.000s
  sys     0m0.000s

But if the optimization is applied to more complex commands, then we
will have problems. For instance, the builtin echo supports \E, but
/usr/bin/echo doesn't support it.

In any case, the manpage says --exec <cmd> and "<cmd> will be
interpreted as one or more shell commands.", it doesn't say "--exec
<executable>".