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[PATCH v1 2/5] Teach git to optionally utilize a file system monitor to speed up detecting new or changed files.




When the index is read from disk, the query-fsmonitor index extension is
used to flag the last known potentially dirty index and untracked cach
entries.

If git finds out some entries are 'fsmonitor-dirty', but are really
unchanged (e.g. the file was changed, then reverted back), then Git will
clear the marking in the extension. If git adds or updates an index
entry, it is marked 'fsmonitor-dirty' to ensure it is checked for
changes in the working directory.

Before the 'fsmonitor-dirty' flags are used to limit the scope of the
files to be checked, the query-fsmonitor hook proc is called with the
time the index was last updated.  The hook proc returns the list of
files changed since that last updated time and the list of
potentially dirty entries is updated to reflect the current state.

refresh_index() and valid_cached_dir() are updated so that any entry not
flagged as potentially dirty is not checked as it cannot have any
changes.

Signed-off-by: Ben Peart <benpeart@xxxxxxxxxxxxx>

---
 Makefile               |   1 +
 builtin/update-index.c |   1 +
 cache.h                |   5 ++
 config.c               |   5 ++
 dir.c                  |  13 +++
 dir.h                  |   2 +
 entry.c                |   1 +
 environment.c          |   1 +
 fsmonitor.c            | 233 +++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
 fsmonitor.h            |   9 ++
 read-cache.c           |  28 +++++-
 unpack-trees.c         |   1 +
 12 files changed, 298 insertions(+), 2 deletions(-)
 create mode 100644 fsmonitor.c
 create mode 100644 fsmonitor.h

diff --git a/Makefile b/Makefile
index 94cce645a5..89acff1f46 100644
--- a/Makefile
+++ b/Makefile
@@ -761,6 +761,7 @@ LIB_OBJS += ewah/ewah_rlw.o
 LIB_OBJS += exec_cmd.o
 LIB_OBJS += fetch-pack.o
 LIB_OBJS += fsck.o
+LIB_OBJS += fsmonitor.o
 LIB_OBJS += gettext.o
 LIB_OBJS += gpg-interface.o
 LIB_OBJS += graph.o
diff --git a/builtin/update-index.c b/builtin/update-index.c
index ebfc09faa0..32fd977b43 100644
--- a/builtin/update-index.c
+++ b/builtin/update-index.c
@@ -232,6 +232,7 @@ static int mark_ce_flags(const char *path, int flag, int mark)
 		else
 			active_cache[pos]->ce_flags &= ~flag;
 		active_cache[pos]->ce_flags |= CE_UPDATE_IN_BASE;
+		active_cache[pos]->ce_flags |= CE_FSMONITOR_DIRTY;
 		cache_tree_invalidate_path(&the_index, path);
 		active_cache_changed |= CE_ENTRY_CHANGED;
 		return 0;
diff --git a/cache.h b/cache.h
index 40ec032a2d..64aa6e57cd 100644
--- a/cache.h
+++ b/cache.h
@@ -201,6 +201,7 @@ struct cache_entry {
 #define CE_ADDED             (1 << 19)
 
 #define CE_HASHED            (1 << 20)
+#define CE_FSMONITOR_DIRTY   (1 << 21)
 #define CE_WT_REMOVE         (1 << 22) /* remove in work directory */
 #define CE_CONFLICTED        (1 << 23)
 
@@ -324,6 +325,7 @@ static inline unsigned int canon_mode(unsigned int mode)
 #define CACHE_TREE_CHANGED	(1 << 5)
 #define SPLIT_INDEX_ORDERED	(1 << 6)
 #define UNTRACKED_CHANGED	(1 << 7)
+#define FSMONITOR_CHANGED	(1 << 8)
 
 struct split_index;
 struct untracked_cache;
@@ -342,6 +344,8 @@ struct index_state {
 	struct hashmap dir_hash;
 	unsigned char sha1[20];
 	struct untracked_cache *untracked;
+	time_t last_update;
+	struct ewah_bitmap *bitmap;
 };
 
 extern struct index_state the_index;
@@ -767,6 +771,7 @@ extern int precomposed_unicode;
 extern int protect_hfs;
 extern int protect_ntfs;
 extern int git_db_env, git_index_env, git_graft_env, git_common_dir_env;
+extern int core_fsmonitor;
 
 /*
  * Include broken refs in all ref iterations, which will
diff --git a/config.c b/config.c
index d971cc3474..d146c88399 100644
--- a/config.c
+++ b/config.c
@@ -1224,6 +1224,11 @@ static int git_default_core_config(const char *var, const char *value)
 		return 0;
 	}
 
+	if (!strcmp(var, "core.fsmonitor")) {
+		core_fsmonitor = git_config_bool(var, value);
+		return 0;
+	}
+
 	/* Add other config variables here and to Documentation/config.txt. */
 	return platform_core_config(var, value);
 }
diff --git a/dir.c b/dir.c
index 1b5558fdf9..da428489e2 100644
--- a/dir.c
+++ b/dir.c
@@ -1652,6 +1652,18 @@ static int valid_cached_dir(struct dir_struct *dir,
 	if (!untracked)
 		return 0;
 
+	refresh_by_fsmonitor(&the_index);
+	if (dir->untracked->use_fsmonitor) {
+		/*
+		 * With fsmonitor, we can trust the untracked cache's
+		 * valid field.
+		 */
+		if (untracked->valid)
+			goto skip_stat;
+		else
+			invalidate_directory(dir->untracked, untracked);
+	}
+
 	if (stat(path->len ? path->buf : ".", &st)) {
 		invalidate_directory(dir->untracked, untracked);
 		memset(&untracked->stat_data, 0, sizeof(untracked->stat_data));
@@ -1665,6 +1677,7 @@ static int valid_cached_dir(struct dir_struct *dir,
 		return 0;
 	}
 
+skip_stat:
 	if (untracked->check_only != !!check_only) {
 		invalidate_directory(dir->untracked, untracked);
 		return 0;
diff --git a/dir.h b/dir.h
index 9e387551bd..ff6a00abcc 100644
--- a/dir.h
+++ b/dir.h
@@ -139,6 +139,8 @@ struct untracked_cache {
 	int gitignore_invalidated;
 	int dir_invalidated;
 	int dir_opened;
+	/* fsmonitor invalidation data */
+	unsigned int use_fsmonitor : 1;
 };
 
 struct dir_struct {
diff --git a/entry.c b/entry.c
index d2b512da90..c2d3c1079c 100644
--- a/entry.c
+++ b/entry.c
@@ -221,6 +221,7 @@ static int write_entry(struct cache_entry *ce,
 			lstat(ce->name, &st);
 		fill_stat_cache_info(ce, &st);
 		ce->ce_flags |= CE_UPDATE_IN_BASE;
+		ce->ce_flags |= CE_FSMONITOR_DIRTY;
 		state->istate->cache_changed |= CE_ENTRY_CHANGED;
 	}
 	return 0;
diff --git a/environment.c b/environment.c
index c57731c468..3758e76159 100644
--- a/environment.c
+++ b/environment.c
@@ -63,6 +63,7 @@ int merge_log_config = -1;
 int precomposed_unicode = -1; /* see probe_utf8_pathname_composition() */
 unsigned long pack_size_limit_cfg;
 enum log_refs_config log_all_ref_updates = LOG_REFS_UNSET;
+int core_fsmonitor;
 
 #ifndef PROTECT_HFS_DEFAULT
 #define PROTECT_HFS_DEFAULT 0
diff --git a/fsmonitor.c b/fsmonitor.c
new file mode 100644
index 0000000000..466a0df6a1
--- /dev/null
+++ b/fsmonitor.c
@@ -0,0 +1,233 @@
+#include "cache.h"
+#include "dir.h"
+#include "ewah/ewok.h"
+#include "run-command.h"
+#include "strbuf.h"
+#include "fsmonitor.h"
+
+static struct untracked_cache_dir *find_untracked_cache_dir(
+	struct untracked_cache *uc, struct untracked_cache_dir *ucd,
+	const char *name)
+{
+	const char *end;
+	struct untracked_cache_dir *dir = ucd;
+
+	if (!*name)
+		return dir;
+
+	end = strchr(name, '/');
+	if (end) {
+		dir = lookup_untracked(uc, ucd, name, end - name);
+		if (dir)
+			return find_untracked_cache_dir(uc, dir, end + 1);
+	}
+
+	return dir;
+}
+
+/* This function will be passed to ewah_each_bit() */
+static void mark_no_fsmonitor(size_t pos, void *is)
+{
+	struct index_state *istate = is;
+	struct untracked_cache_dir *dir;
+	struct cache_entry *ce = istate->cache[pos];
+
+	assert(pos < istate->cache_nr);
+	ce->ce_flags |= CE_FSMONITOR_DIRTY;
+
+	if (!istate->untracked || !istate->untracked->root)
+		return;
+
+	dir = find_untracked_cache_dir(istate->untracked, istate->untracked->root, ce->name);
+	if (dir)
+		dir->valid = 0;
+}
+
+int read_fsmonitor_extension(struct index_state *istate, const void *data,
+	unsigned long sz)
+{
+	const char *index = data;
+	uint32_t hdr_version;
+	uint32_t ewah_size;
+	int ret;
+
+	if (sz < sizeof(uint32_t) + sizeof(uint64_t) + sizeof(uint32_t))
+		return error("corrupt fsmonitor extension (too short)");
+
+	hdr_version = ntohl(*(uint32_t *)index);
+	index += sizeof(uint32_t);
+	if (hdr_version != 1)
+		return error("bad fsmonitor version %d", hdr_version);
+
+	istate->last_update = (time_t)ntohll(*(uint64_t *)index);
+	index += sizeof(uint64_t);
+
+	ewah_size = ntohl(*(uint32_t *)index);
+	index += sizeof(uint32_t);
+
+	istate->bitmap = ewah_new();
+	ret = ewah_read_mmap(istate->bitmap, index, ewah_size);
+	if (ret != ewah_size) {
+		ewah_free(istate->bitmap);
+		istate->bitmap = NULL;
+		return error("failed to parse ewah bitmap reading fsmonitor index extension");
+	}
+
+	return 0;
+}
+
+void write_fsmonitor_extension(struct strbuf *sb, struct index_state* istate)
+{
+	uint32_t hdr_version;
+	uint64_t tm;
+	struct ewah_bitmap *bitmap;
+	int i;
+	uint32_t ewah_start;
+	uint32_t ewah_size = 0;
+	int fixup = 0;
+
+	hdr_version = htonl(1);
+	strbuf_add(sb, &hdr_version, sizeof(uint32_t));
+
+	tm = htonll((uint64_t)istate->last_update);
+	strbuf_add(sb, &tm, sizeof(uint64_t));
+	fixup = sb->len;
+	strbuf_add(sb, &ewah_size, sizeof(uint32_t)); /* we'll fix this up later */
+
+	ewah_start = sb->len;
+	bitmap = ewah_new();
+	for (i = 0; i < istate->cache_nr; i++)
+		if (istate->cache[i]->ce_flags & CE_FSMONITOR_DIRTY)
+			ewah_set(bitmap, i);
+	ewah_serialize_strbuf(bitmap, sb);
+	ewah_free(bitmap);
+
+	/* fix up size field */
+	ewah_size = htonl(sb->len - ewah_start);
+	memcpy(sb->buf + fixup, &ewah_size, sizeof(uint32_t));
+}
+
+static int update_istate(const char *name, void *is)
+{
+	struct index_state *istate = is;
+	struct untracked_cache_dir *dir;
+	int pos;
+
+	/* find it in the index and mark that entry as dirty */
+	pos = index_name_pos(istate, name, strlen(name));
+	if (pos >= 0)
+		istate->cache[pos]->ce_flags |= CE_FSMONITOR_DIRTY;
+
+	/*
+	 * Find the corresponding directory in the untracked cache
+	 * and mark it as invalid
+	 */
+	if (!istate->untracked || !istate->untracked->root)
+		return 0;
+
+	dir = find_untracked_cache_dir(istate->untracked, istate->untracked->root, name);
+	if (dir)
+		dir->valid = 0;
+
+	return 0;
+}
+
+/*
+ * Call the query-fsmonitor hook passing the time of the last saved results.
+ */
+static int query_fsmonitor(time_t last_update, struct strbuf *buffer)
+{
+	struct child_process cp = CHILD_PROCESS_INIT;
+	char date[64];
+	const char *argv[3];
+
+	if (!(argv[0] = find_hook("query-fsmonitor")))
+		return -1;
+
+	snprintf(date, sizeof(date), "%" PRIuMAX, (uintmax_t)last_update);
+	argv[1] = date;
+	argv[2] = NULL;
+	cp.argv = argv;
+	cp.out = -1;
+
+	return capture_command(&cp, buffer, 1024);
+}
+
+void process_fsmonitor_extension(struct index_state *istate)
+{
+	if (!istate->bitmap)
+		return;
+
+	ewah_each_bit(istate->bitmap, mark_no_fsmonitor, istate);
+	ewah_free(istate->bitmap);
+	istate->bitmap = NULL;
+}
+
+void refresh_by_fsmonitor(struct index_state *istate)
+{
+	static has_run_once = FALSE;
+	struct strbuf buffer = STRBUF_INIT;
+	int query_success = 0;
+	size_t bol = 0; /* beginning of line */
+	time_t last_update;
+	char *buf, *entry;
+	int i;
+
+	if (!core_fsmonitor || has_run_once)
+		return;
+	has_run_once = TRUE;
+
+	/*
+	 * This could be racy so save the date/time now and the hook
+	 * should be inclusive to ensure we don't miss potential changes.
+	 */
+	last_update = time(NULL);
+
+	/* If we have a last update time, call query-monitor for the set of changes since that time */
+	if (istate->last_update) {
+		query_success = !query_fsmonitor(istate->last_update, &buffer);
+	}
+
+	if (query_success) {
+		/* Mark all entries returned by the monitor as dirty */
+		buf = entry = buffer.buf;
+		for (i = 0; i < buffer.len; i++) {
+			if (buf[i] != '\0')
+				continue;
+			update_istate(buf + bol, istate);
+			bol = i + 1;
+		}
+		if (bol < buffer.len)
+			update_istate(buf + bol, istate);
+
+		/* Mark all clean entries up-to-date */
+		for (i = 0; i < istate->cache_nr; i++) {
+			struct cache_entry *ce = istate->cache[i];
+			if (ce_stage(ce) || (ce->ce_flags & CE_FSMONITOR_DIRTY))
+				continue;
+			ce_mark_uptodate(ce);
+		}
+
+		/*
+		 * Now that we've marked the invalid entries in the
+		 * untracked-cache itself, we can mark the untracked cache for
+		 * fsmonitor usage.
+		 */
+		if (istate->untracked) {
+			istate->untracked->use_fsmonitor = 1;
+		}
+	}
+	else {
+		/* if we can't update the cache, fall back to checking them all */
+		for (i = 0; i < istate->cache_nr; i++)
+			istate->cache[i]->ce_flags |= CE_FSMONITOR_DIRTY;
+
+		/* mark the untracked cache as unusable for fsmonitor */
+		if (istate->untracked)
+			istate->untracked->use_fsmonitor = 0;
+	}
+
+	/* Now that we've updated istate, save the last_update time */
+	istate->last_update = last_update;
+	istate->cache_changed |= FSMONITOR_CHANGED;
+}
diff --git a/fsmonitor.h b/fsmonitor.h
new file mode 100644
index 0000000000..28e61602b1
--- /dev/null
+++ b/fsmonitor.h
@@ -0,0 +1,9 @@
+#ifndef FSMONITOR_H
+#define FSMONITOR_H
+
+int read_fsmonitor_extension(struct index_state *istate, const void *data, unsigned long sz);
+void write_fsmonitor_extension(struct strbuf *sb, struct index_state* istate);
+void process_fsmonitor_extension(struct index_state *istate);
+void refresh_by_fsmonitor(struct index_state *istate);
+
+#endif
diff --git a/read-cache.c b/read-cache.c
index dce05c1dde..a081c4a1d6 100644
--- a/read-cache.c
+++ b/read-cache.c
@@ -18,6 +18,7 @@
 #include "varint.h"
 #include "split-index.h"
 #include "utf8.h"
+#include "fsmonitor.h"
 
 #ifndef NO_PTHREADS
 #include <pthread.h>
@@ -41,11 +42,12 @@
 #define CACHE_EXT_RESOLVE_UNDO 0x52455543 /* "REUC" */
 #define CACHE_EXT_LINK 0x6c696e6b	  /* "link" */
 #define CACHE_EXT_UNTRACKED 0x554E5452	  /* "UNTR" */
+#define CACHE_EXT_FSMONITOR 0x46534D4E	  /* "FSMN" */
 
 /* changes that can be kept in $GIT_DIR/index (basically all extensions) */
 #define EXTMASK (RESOLVE_UNDO_CHANGED | CACHE_TREE_CHANGED | \
 		 CE_ENTRY_ADDED | CE_ENTRY_REMOVED | CE_ENTRY_CHANGED | \
-		 SPLIT_INDEX_ORDERED | UNTRACKED_CHANGED)
+		 SPLIT_INDEX_ORDERED | UNTRACKED_CHANGED | FSMONITOR_CHANGED)
 
 struct index_state the_index;
 static const char *alternate_index_output;
@@ -65,6 +67,7 @@ static void replace_index_entry(struct index_state *istate, int nr, struct cache
 	free(old);
 	set_index_entry(istate, nr, ce);
 	ce->ce_flags |= CE_UPDATE_IN_BASE;
+	ce->ce_flags |= CE_FSMONITOR_DIRTY;
 	istate->cache_changed |= CE_ENTRY_CHANGED;
 }
 
@@ -781,6 +784,7 @@ int chmod_index_entry(struct index_state *istate, struct cache_entry *ce,
 	}
 	cache_tree_invalidate_path(istate, ce->name);
 	ce->ce_flags |= CE_UPDATE_IN_BASE;
+	ce->ce_flags |= CE_FSMONITOR_DIRTY;
 	istate->cache_changed |= CE_ENTRY_CHANGED;
 
 	return 0;
@@ -1348,6 +1352,8 @@ int refresh_index(struct index_state *istate, unsigned int flags,
 	const char *added_fmt;
 	const char *unmerged_fmt;
 
+	refresh_by_fsmonitor(istate);
+
 	modified_fmt = (in_porcelain ? "M\t%s\n" : "%s: needs update\n");
 	deleted_fmt = (in_porcelain ? "D\t%s\n" : "%s: needs update\n");
 	typechange_fmt = (in_porcelain ? "T\t%s\n" : "%s needs update\n");
@@ -1384,8 +1390,11 @@ int refresh_index(struct index_state *istate, unsigned int flags,
 			continue;
 
 		new = refresh_cache_ent(istate, ce, options, &cache_errno, &changed);
-		if (new == ce)
+		if (new == ce) {
+			ce->ce_flags &= ~CE_FSMONITOR_DIRTY;
 			continue;
+		}
+
 		if (!new) {
 			const char *fmt;
 
@@ -1395,6 +1404,7 @@ int refresh_index(struct index_state *istate, unsigned int flags,
 				 */
 				ce->ce_flags &= ~CE_VALID;
 				ce->ce_flags |= CE_UPDATE_IN_BASE;
+				ce->ce_flags |= CE_FSMONITOR_DIRTY;
 				istate->cache_changed |= CE_ENTRY_CHANGED;
 			}
 			if (quiet)
@@ -1581,6 +1591,9 @@ static int read_index_extension(struct index_state *istate,
 	case CACHE_EXT_UNTRACKED:
 		istate->untracked = read_untracked_extension(data, sz);
 		break;
+	case CACHE_EXT_FSMONITOR:
+		read_fsmonitor_extension(istate, data, sz);
+		break;
 	default:
 		if (*ext < 'A' || 'Z' < *ext)
 			return error("index uses %.4s extension, which we do not understand",
@@ -1753,6 +1766,7 @@ static void post_read_index_from(struct index_state *istate)
 	check_ce_order(istate);
 	tweak_untracked_cache(istate);
 	tweak_split_index(istate);
+	process_fsmonitor_extension(istate);
 }
 
 /* remember to discard_cache() before reading a different cache! */
@@ -2358,6 +2372,16 @@ static int do_write_index(struct index_state *istate, struct tempfile *tempfile,
 		if (err)
 			return -1;
 	}
+	if (!strip_extensions && istate->last_update) {
+		struct strbuf sb = STRBUF_INIT;
+
+		write_fsmonitor_extension(&sb, istate);
+		err = write_index_ext_header(&c, newfd, CACHE_EXT_FSMONITOR, sb.len) < 0
+			|| ce_write(&c, newfd, sb.buf, sb.len) < 0;
+		strbuf_release(&sb);
+		if (err)
+			return -1;
+	}
 
 	if (ce_flush(&c, newfd, istate->sha1))
 		return -1;
diff --git a/unpack-trees.c b/unpack-trees.c
index aa15111fef..259e6960b9 100644
--- a/unpack-trees.c
+++ b/unpack-trees.c
@@ -412,6 +412,7 @@ static int apply_sparse_checkout(struct index_state *istate,
 		ce->ce_flags &= ~CE_SKIP_WORKTREE;
 	if (was_skip_worktree != ce_skip_worktree(ce)) {
 		ce->ce_flags |= CE_UPDATE_IN_BASE;
+		ce->ce_flags |= CE_FSMONITOR_DIRTY;
 		istate->cache_changed |= CE_ENTRY_CHANGED;
 	}
 
-- 
2.13.0.windows.1.6.g4597375fc3