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Re: Git 2.13.0 segfaults on Solaris SPARC due to DC_SHA1=YesPlease being on by default

On Mon, May 15, 2017 at 3:58 PM, Marc Stevens <marc@xxxxxxxxxxxxxxx> wrote:
> Hi Aevar,
> Thank you for notifying us of this issue.
> Big endianness is a tricky issue, also since I don't have access or accurate knowledge about all big endian systems.
> Our github repo does check correct functioning, including an endianness mistake, with 'make test'.
> But I guess this is not included for SHA1DC in Git.
> Anyway, we can easily add the _BIG_ENDIAN macrotest to the git repo and will do so soon.
> I don't think the segfault is caused by buffer overflow, inproper access, or the endianness issue.
> But I did notice an unexpected issue: the message block pointer m=0x398ad5 is odd.
> Can you confirm whether loading an uint32_t from an odd address triggers a hardware interrupt on your platform?
> This is not problem for x86, but maybe for your platform it is?
> If it is then we should always copy buffer contents to the sha1context to avoid this issue.

I don't have access to the box in question, Michael was testing this
code for me. But unaligned access is probably the cause, although
according to some info I found online that should give a SIGBUS not a
SIGSEGV, but that may have changed:


> Best regards,
> Marc Stevens
> -----Oorspronkelijk bericht-----
> Van: Ævar Arnfjörð Bjarmason [mailto:avarab@xxxxxxxxx]
> Verzonden: maandag 15 mei 2017 14:49
> Aan: Git Mailing List <git@xxxxxxxxxxxxxxx>
> CC: michael.kebe@xxxxxxxxx; Jeff King <peff@xxxxxxxx>; Marc Stevens <marc@xxxxxxxxxxxxxxx>
> Onderwerp: Git 2.13.0 segfaults on Solaris SPARC due to DC_SHA1=YesPlease being on by default
> Since 2.13.0 just running "git status" on a newly init'd repo on Solaris SPARC[1] segfaults. Michael (CC'd) reported this issue on #git and I helped him debug it.
> Just compiling with BLK_SHA1=YesPlease solves the issue.
> There are at least two different issues with DC_SHA1 here:
>  * We don't properly detect that this platform is big endian. The check at the top of sha1dc/sha1.c needs to test for _BIG_ENDIAN. This comes from sys/isa_defs.h which (I'm told by #solaris) is included on Solaris by default, at least by stdio.h.
> Hacking the endian detection makes t0013-sha1dc.sh pass.
>   * Even with that & the test passing just a plain "git init x && cd x && touch A && git add A && git commit" will segfault.
> This is some bug in the sha1dc code, presumably some big endian issue that's not resolved by the change above. Backtrace for that (censored actual author info):
>  Program received signal SIGSEGV, Segmentation fault.
>  [Switching to Thread 1 (LWP 1)]
>  0x002f8c84 in sha1_compression_states (ihv=0xffbf8268, m=0x398ad5, W=0xffbf82fc, states=0xffbf857c) at sha1dc/sha1.c:291
>  291             SHA1COMPRESS_FULL_ROUND1_STEP_LOAD(a, b, c, d, e, m,
> W, 0, temp);
>  (gdb) bt
>  #0  0x002f8c84 in sha1_compression_states (ihv=0xffbf8268, m=0x398ad5, W=0xffbf82fc, states=0xffbf857c) at sha1dc/sha1.c:291
>  #1  0x00300b60 in sha1_process (ctx=0xffbf8260, block=0x398ad5) at
> sha1dc/sha1.c:1616
>  #2  0x00301188 in SHA1DCUpdate (ctx=0xffbf8260,
>      buf=0x398ad5 "deadbeefdeadbeefdeadbeefdeadbeefdeadbeef\nauthor Au Thor <au.thor@xxxxxxxxxxx> 123456789 +0000\ncommitter Au Thor <au.thor@xxxxxxxxxxx> 123456789
>                   +0000\n\nBlah Blah"..., len=220)
>      at sha1dc/sha1.c:1731
>  #3  0x0030168c in git_SHA1DCUpdate (ctx=0xffbf8260, vdata=0x398aa0,
> len=273) at sha1dc/sha1.c:1808
>  #4  0x002a6f7c in write_sha1_file_prepare (buf=0x398aa0, len=273,
> type=0x959c8 "commit", sha1=0xffbfd630 "",
>      hdr=0xffbf8c28 "commit 273", hdrlen=0xffbf8c24) at sha1_file.c:3207
>  #5  0x002a71ac in hash_sha1_file (buf=0x398aa0, len=273, type=0x959c8 "commit", sha1=0xffbfd630 "") at sha1_file.c:3266
>  #6  0x002a25f8 in check_sha1_signature (sha1=0xffbfdbb8 "\375\067\356\337\002", map=0x398aa0, size=273, type=0x959c8 "commit")
>      at sha1_file.c:1644
>  #7  0x0022816c in parse_object (sha1=0xffbfdbb8
> "\375\067\356\337\002") at object.c:269
>  #8  0x0027c258 in get_reference (revs=0xffbfdc88, name=0xa87f0 "HEAD", sha1=0xffbfdbb8 "\375\067\356\337\002", flags=0)
>      at revision.c:196
>  #9  0x00284714 in setup_revisions (argc=0, argv=0x0, revs=0xffbfdc88,
> opt=0xffbfdc74) at revision.c:2295
>  #10 0x002ee4d8 in wt_status_collect_changes_index (s=0x348ea8
> <s.24114>) at wt-status.c:585
>  #11 0x002eeae8 in wt_status_collect (s=0x348ea8 <s.24114>) at wt-status.c:701
>  #12 0x000db4fc in cmd_status (argc=0, argv=0xffbfe6fc, prefix=0x0) at
> builtin/commit.c:1393
>  #13 0x000acc24 in run_builtin (p=0x340ccc <commands+1200>, argc=1,
> argv=0xffbfe6fc) at git.c:371
>  #14 0x000acf98 in handle_builtin (argc=1, argv=0xffbfe6fc) at git.c:572
>  #15 0x000ad1a4 in run_argv (argcp=0xffbfe66c, argv=0xffbfe670) at git.c:624
>  #16 0x000ad3fc in cmd_main (argc=1, argv=0xffbfe6fc) at git.c:701
>  #17 0x001747a0 in main (argc=5, argv=0xffbfe6ec) at common-main.c:43
> 1. Relevant part of uname -a: "SunOS <hostname> 5.11 11.3 sun4v sparc sun4v".