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[PATCH v2 04/29] log: add exhaustive tests for pattern style options & config




Add exhaustive tests for how the different grep.patternType options &
the corresponding command-line options affect git-log.

Before this change it was possible to patch revision.c so that the
--basic-regexp option was synonymous with --extended-regexp, and
--perl-regexp wasn't recognized at all, and still have 100% of the
test suite pass.

This was because the first test being modified here, added in commit
34a4ae55b2 ("log --grep: use the same helper to set -E/-F options as
"git grep"", 2012-10-03), didn't actually check whether we'd enabled
extended regular expressions as distinct from re-toggling non-fixed
string support.

Fix that by changing the pattern to a pattern that'll only match if
--extended-regexp option is provided, but won't match under the
default --basic-regexp option.

Other potential regressions were possible since there were no tests
for the rest of the combinations of grep.patternType configuration
toggles & corresponding git-log command-line options. Add exhaustive
tests for those.

The patterns being passed to fixed/basic/extended/PCRE are carefully
crafted to return the wrong thing if the grep engine were to pick any
other matching method than the one it's told to use.

Signed-off-by: Ævar Arnfjörð Bjarmason <avarab@xxxxxxxxx>
---
 t/t4202-log.sh | 94 +++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++-
 1 file changed, 93 insertions(+), 1 deletion(-)

diff --git a/t/t4202-log.sh b/t/t4202-log.sh
index f577990716..e522a2fcd5 100755
--- a/t/t4202-log.sh
+++ b/t/t4202-log.sh
@@ -262,7 +262,28 @@ test_expect_success 'log --grep -i' '
 
 test_expect_success 'log -F -E --grep=<ere> uses ere' '
 	echo second >expect &&
-	git log -1 --pretty="tformat:%s" -F -E --grep=s.c.nd >actual &&
+	# basic would need \(s\) to do the same
+	git log -1 --pretty="tformat:%s" -F -E --grep="(s).c.nd" >actual &&
+	test_cmp expect actual
+'
+
+test_expect_success PCRE 'log -F -E --perl-regexp --grep=<pcre> uses PCRE' '
+	test_when_finished "rm -rf num_commits" &&
+	git init num_commits &&
+	(
+		cd num_commits &&
+		test_commit 1d &&
+		test_commit 2e
+	) &&
+	echo 2e >expect &&
+	# In PCRE \d in [\d] is like saying "0-9", and matches the 2
+	# in 2e...
+	git -C num_commits log -1 --pretty="tformat:%s" -F -E --perl-regexp --grep="[\d]" >actual &&
+	test_cmp expect actual &&
+	echo 1d >expect &&
+	# ...in POSIX basic & extended it is the same as [d],
+	# i.e. "d", which matches 1d, but not and does not match 2e.
+	git -C num_commits log -1 --pretty="tformat:%s" -F -E --grep="[\d]" >actual &&
 	test_cmp expect actual
 '
 
@@ -280,6 +301,77 @@ test_expect_success 'log with grep.patternType configuration and command line' '
 	test_cmp expect actual
 '
 
+test_expect_success 'log with various grep.patternType configurations & command-lines' '
+	git init pattern-type &&
+	(
+		cd pattern-type &&
+		test_commit 1 file A &&
+
+		# The tagname is overridden here because creating a
+		# tag called "(1|2)" as test_commit would otherwise
+		# implicitly do would fail on e.g. MINGW.
+		test_commit "(1|2)" file B 2 &&
+
+		echo "(1|2)" >expect.fixed &&
+		cp expect.fixed expect.basic &&
+		cp expect.fixed expect.extended &&
+		cp expect.fixed expect.perl &&
+
+		# A strcmp-like match with fixed.
+		git -c grep.patternType=fixed log --pretty=tformat:%s \
+			--grep="(1|2)" >actual.fixed &&
+
+		# POSIX basic matches (, | and ) literally.
+		git -c grep.patternType=basic log --pretty=tformat:%s \
+			--grep="(.|.)" >actual.basic &&
+
+		# POSIX extended needs to have | escaped to match it
+		# literally, whereas under basic this is the same as
+		# (|2), i.e. it would also match "1". This test checks
+		# for extended by asserting that it is not matching
+		# what basic would match.
+		git -c grep.patternType=extended log --pretty=tformat:%s \
+			--grep="\|2" >actual.extended &&
+		if test_have_prereq PCRE
+		then
+			# Only PCRE would match [\d]\| with only
+			# "(1|2)" due to [\d]. POSIX basic would match
+			# both it and "1", and POSIX extended would
+			# match neither.
+			git -c grep.patternType=perl log --pretty=tformat:%s \
+				--grep="[\d]\|" >actual.perl &&
+			test_cmp expect.perl actual.perl
+		fi &&
+		test_cmp expect.fixed actual.fixed &&
+		test_cmp expect.basic actual.basic &&
+		test_cmp expect.extended actual.extended &&
+
+		git log --pretty=tformat:%s -F \
+			--grep="(1|2)" >actual.fixed.short-arg &&
+		git log --pretty=tformat:%s -E \
+			--grep="\|2" >actual.extended.short-arg &&
+		test_cmp expect.fixed actual.fixed.short-arg &&
+		test_cmp expect.extended actual.extended.short-arg &&
+
+		git log --pretty=tformat:%s --fixed-strings \
+			--grep="(1|2)" >actual.fixed.long-arg &&
+		git log --pretty=tformat:%s --basic-regexp \
+			--grep="(.|.)" >actual.basic.long-arg &&
+		git log --pretty=tformat:%s --extended-regexp \
+			--grep="\|2" >actual.extended.long-arg &&
+		if test_have_prereq PCRE
+		then
+			git log --pretty=tformat:%s --perl-regexp \
+				--grep="[\d]\|" >actual.perl.long-arg &&
+			test_cmp expect.perl actual.perl.long-arg
+
+		fi &&
+		test_cmp expect.fixed actual.fixed.long-arg &&
+		test_cmp expect.basic actual.basic.long-arg &&
+		test_cmp expect.extended actual.extended.long-arg
+	)
+'
+
 cat > expect <<EOF
 * Second
 * sixth
-- 
2.11.0