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[PATCH v2 3/8] grep: don't redundantly compile throwaway patterns under threading

Change the pattern compilation logic under threading so that grep
doesn't compile a pattern it never ends up using on the non-threaded
code path, only to compile it again N times for N threads which will
each use their own copy, ignoring the initially compiled pattern.

This redundant compilation dates back to the initial introduction of
the threaded grep in commit 5b594f457a ("Threaded grep",

There was never any reason for doing this redundant work other than an
oversight in the initial commit. Jeff King suggested on-list in
<20170414212325.fefrl3qdjigwyitd@xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx> that this
might be needed to check the pattern for sanity before threaded
execution commences.

That's not the case. The pattern is compiled under threading in
start_threads() before any concurrent execution has started by calling
pthread_create(), so if the pattern contains an error we still do the
right thing. I.e. die with one error before any threaded execution has
commenced, instead of e.g. spewing out an error for each N threads,
which could be a regression a change like this might inadvertently

The undocumented --debug mode added in commit 17bf35a3c7 ("grep: teach
--debug option to dump the parse tree", 2012-09-13) still works
properly with this change. It only emits debugging info during pattern
compilation, which is now dumped by the pattern compiled just before
the first thread is started.

Signed-off-by: Ævar Arnfjörð Bjarmason <avarab@xxxxxxxxx>
 builtin/grep.c | 14 +++++++++++---
 1 file changed, 11 insertions(+), 3 deletions(-)

diff --git a/builtin/grep.c b/builtin/grep.c
index 3aa7836a04..a3d380551b 100644
--- a/builtin/grep.c
+++ b/builtin/grep.c
@@ -224,7 +224,8 @@ static void start_threads(struct grep_opt *opt)
 		int err;
 		struct grep_opt *o = grep_opt_dup(opt);
 		o->output = strbuf_out;
-		o->debug = 0;
+		if (i)
+			o->debug = 0;
 		err = pthread_create(&threads[i], NULL, run, o);
@@ -1154,8 +1155,6 @@ int cmd_grep(int argc, const char **argv, const char *prefix)
 	if (!opt.fixed && opt.ignore_case)
 		opt.regflags |= REG_ICASE;
-	compile_grep_patterns(&opt);
 	 * We have to find "--" in a separate pass, because its presence
 	 * influences how we will parse arguments that come before it.
@@ -1230,6 +1229,15 @@ int cmd_grep(int argc, const char **argv, const char *prefix)
 	num_threads = 0;
+	if (!num_threads)
+		/*
+		 * The compiled patterns on the main path are only
+		 * used when not using threading. Otherwise
+		 * start_threads() below calls compile_grep_patterns()
+		 * for each thread.
+		 */
+		compile_grep_patterns(&opt);
 #ifndef NO_PTHREADS
 	if (num_threads) {
 		if (!(opt.name_only || opt.unmatch_name_only || opt.count)