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[PATCH v8 3/3] read-cache: speed up add_index_entry during checkout




From: Jeff Hostetler <jeffhost@xxxxxxxxxxxxx>

Teach add_index_entry_with_check() and has_dir_name()
to see if the path of the new item is greater than the
last path in the index array before attempting to search
for it.

During checkout, merge_working_tree() populates the new
index in sorted order, so this change will save at least 2
binary lookups per file.  This preserves the original
behavior but simply checks the last element before starting
the search.

This helps performance on very large repositories.

This can be seen using p0006-read-tree-checkout.sh and the
artificial repository created by t/perf/repos/many-files.sh
with parameters (5, 10, 9).   (1M files in index.)

1..7
Test                                                             HEAD^               HEAD
------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
0006.2: read-tree master ballast (1000001)                       4.01(2.71+1.28)     3.24(1.84+1.38) -19.2%
0006.3: switch between master ballast (1000001)                  8.23(5.60+2.45)     6.73(4.20+2.35) -18.2%
0006.4: switch between ballast ballast-1 (1000001)               13.36(8.60+4.35)    11.84(7.28+4.08) -11.4%
0006.5: switch between aliases ballast ballast-alias (1000001)   13.43(8.68+4.27)    12.09(7.28+4.37) -10.0%
0006.6: add forward sorted items (1000001) (200000)              2.42(1.76+0.42)     2.40(1.66+0.37) -0.8%
0006.7: add reverse sorted items (1000001) (200000)              18.59(17.96+0.33)   18.70(18.07+0.42) +0.6%

Signed-off-by: Jeff Hostetler <jeffhost@xxxxxxxxxxxxx>
---
 read-cache.c | 46 ++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++--
 1 file changed, 44 insertions(+), 2 deletions(-)

diff --git a/read-cache.c b/read-cache.c
index 97f13a1..a8ef823 100644
--- a/read-cache.c
+++ b/read-cache.c
@@ -918,9 +918,24 @@ static int has_dir_name(struct index_state *istate,
 	int stage = ce_stage(ce);
 	const char *name = ce->name;
 	const char *slash = name + ce_namelen(ce);
+	size_t len_eq_last;
+	int cmp_last = 0;
+
+	if (istate->cache_nr > 0) {
+		/*
+		 * Compare the entry's full path with the last path in the index.
+		 * If it sorts AFTER the last entry in the index and they have no
+		 * common prefix, then there cannot be any F/D name conflicts.
+		 */
+		cmp_last = strcmp_offset(name,
+			istate->cache[istate->cache_nr-1]->name,
+			&len_eq_last);
+		if (cmp_last > 0 && len_eq_last == 0)
+			return retval;
+	}
 
 	for (;;) {
-		int len;
+		size_t len;
 
 		for (;;) {
 			if (*--slash == '/')
@@ -930,6 +945,24 @@ static int has_dir_name(struct index_state *istate,
 		}
 		len = slash - name;
 
+		if (cmp_last > 0) {
+			/*
+			 * If this part of the directory prefix (including the trailing
+			 * slash) already appears in the path of the last entry in the
+			 * index, then we cannot also have a file with this prefix (or
+			 * any parent directory prefix).
+			 */
+			if (len+1 <= len_eq_last)
+				return retval;
+			/*
+			 * If this part of the directory prefix (excluding the trailing
+			 * slash) is longer than the known equal portions, then this part
+			 * of the prefix cannot collide with a file.  Go on to the parent.
+			 */
+			if (len > len_eq_last)
+				continue;
+		}
+
 		pos = index_name_stage_pos(istate, name, len, stage);
 		if (pos >= 0) {
 			/*
@@ -1021,7 +1054,16 @@ static int add_index_entry_with_check(struct index_state *istate, struct cache_e
 
 	if (!(option & ADD_CACHE_KEEP_CACHE_TREE))
 		cache_tree_invalidate_path(istate, ce->name);
-	pos = index_name_stage_pos(istate, ce->name, ce_namelen(ce), ce_stage(ce));
+
+	/*
+	 * If this entry's path sorts after the last entry in the index,
+	 * we can avoid searching for it.
+	 */
+	if (istate->cache_nr > 0 &&
+		strcmp(ce->name, istate->cache[istate->cache_nr - 1]->name) > 0)
+		pos = -istate->cache_nr - 1;
+	else
+		pos = index_name_stage_pos(istate, ce->name, ce_namelen(ce), ce_stage(ce));
 
 	/* existing match? Just replace it. */
 	if (pos >= 0) {
-- 
2.9.3