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Re: [PATCH 2/2] test-lib: exhaustively insert non-alnum ASCII into the TRASH_DIRECTORY name




On Mon, Apr 10, 2017 at 3:47 AM, SZEDER Gábor <szeder.dev@xxxxxxxxx> wrote:
>> Change the test library to insert non-alphanumeric ASCII characters
>> into the TRASH_DIRECTORY name, that's the directory the test library
>> creates, chdirs to and runs each individual test from.
>>
>> Unless test_fails_on_unusual_directory_names=1 is declared before
>> importing test-lib.sh (and if perl isn't available on the system), the
>> trash directory will contain every non-alphanumeric character in
>> ASCII, in order.
>
> At the very least there must be an easier way to disable this, e.g. a
> command line option.
>
> This change is sure effective in smoking out bugs, but it's a major
> annoyance during development when it comes to debugging a test.  At
> first I could not even cd into the trash directory, because TAB
> completing the directory name with all those non-printable characters
> didn't work (this may be a bug in the bash-completion package).  And
> simply copy-pasting the dirname didn't work either, because 'ls'
>
>   trash directory.t9902-completion.??????????????????????????????? !"#$%&'()*+,-:;<=>?@[\]^_`{|}~?
>
> After some headscratching, Sunday night may be my excuse, I figured
> out that 'cd tr*' works...  only to be greeted with the ugliest-ever
> three-line(!) shell prompt.
>
> Therefore I would say that this should not even be enabled by default
> in test-lib.sh, so at least running a test directly from the command
> line as ./t1234-foo.sh would considerately give us an easily
> accessible trash directory even without any command line options.  We
> could enable it for 'make test' by default via GIT_TEST_OPTS in
> t/Makefile, though.

This definitely needs some tweaking as you and Joachim point out. E.g.
some capabilities check in the test suite to check if we can even
create these sorts of paths on the local filesystem.

A couple of comments on the above though:

a) If we have something that's a more strict mode that makes tests
fail due to buggy code in various scenarios, we gain the most from
having it on by default, and having some optional mode to have devs
e.g. disable it for manual inspection of the test directories.

Most of the running of the test suite that really matters, i.e. just
before the software is delivered to end users, is going to be running
in some non-interactive build system preparing a package.

b) I think any sort of magic like using it with 'make test', but not
when the *.sh is manually run, will just lead to frustrating seemingly
heisenbugs from people trying to debug the test suite when things do
fail, i.e. you run 'make test' on some obscure platform we haven't
fixed path bugs on, 10 fail, you manually inspect them and every one
of them succeeds, because some --use-garbage-dirs option wasn't
passed.

>> This includes all the control characters, !, [], {} etc. the "."
>> character isn't included because it's already in the directory name,
>> and nor is "/" for obvious reasons, although that would actually work,
>> we'd just create a subdirectory, which would make the tests harder to
>> inspect when they fail.i
>
> 1. Heh.  How an additional subdirectory would make the tests harder to
>    inspect is nothing compared to the effect of all the other
>    characters.
>
> 2. s/i$//
>
>> This change is inspired by the "submodule: prevent backslash expantion
>> in submodule names" patch[1]. If we'd had backslashes in the
>> TRASH_DIRECTORY all along that bug would have been fixed a long time
>> ago. This will flag such issues by marking tests that currently fail
>> with "test_fails_on_unusual_directory_names=1", ensure that new tests
>> aren't added unless a discussion is had about why the code can't
>> handle unusual pathnames, and prevent future regressions.
>>
>> 1. <20170407172306.172673-1-bmwill@xxxxxxxxxx>
>> ---
>>  t/README      | 12 ++++++++++++
>>  t/test-lib.sh |  4 ++++
>>  2 files changed, 16 insertions(+)
>>
>> diff --git a/t/README b/t/README
>> index ab386c3681..314dd40221 100644
>> --- a/t/README
>> +++ b/t/README
>> @@ -345,6 +345,18 @@ assignment to variable 'test_description', like this:
>>       This test registers the following structure in the cache
>>       and tries to run git-ls-files with option --frotz.'
>>
>> +By default the tests will be run from a directory with a highly
>> +unusual filename that includes control characters, a newline, various
>> +punctuation etc., this is done to smoke out any bugs related to path
>> +handling. If for whatever reason the tests can't deal with such
>> +unusual path names, set:
>> +
>> +    test_fails_on_unusual_directory_names=1
>> +
>> +Before sourcing 'test-lib.sh' as described below. This option is
>> +mainly intended to grandfather in existing broken tests & code, and
>> +should usually not be used in new code, instead your tests or code
>> +probably need fixing.
>>
>>  Source 'test-lib.sh'
>>  --------------------
>> diff --git a/t/test-lib.sh b/t/test-lib.sh
>> index 13b5696822..089ff5ac7d 100644
>> --- a/t/test-lib.sh
>> +++ b/t/test-lib.sh
>> @@ -914,6 +914,10 @@ fi
>>
>>  # Test repository
>>  TRASH_DIRECTORY="trash directory.$(basename "$0" .sh)"
>> +if test -z "$test_fails_on_unusual_directory_names" -a "$(perl -e 'print 1+1' 2>/dev/null)" = "2"
>> +then
>> +   TRASH_DIRECTORY="$TRASH_DIRECTORY.$(perl -e 'print join q[], grep { /[^[:alnum:]]/ and !m<[./]> } map chr, 0x01..0x7f')"
>> +fi
>>  test -n "$root" && TRASH_DIRECTORY="$root/$TRASH_DIRECTORY"
>>  case "$TRASH_DIRECTORY" in
>>  /*) ;; # absolute path is good
>> --
>> 2.11.0
>
>