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Re: [RFD PATCH 3/3] name-rev: Allow lightweight tags and branch refs




Junio C Hamano <gitster@xxxxxxxxx> writes:

> This could have been an invocation of "name-rev" without "--tags",
> where _any_ tip of ref can be used to name a revision, and in such a
> case, retaining commit->date may still be valuable, but it is
> probably wrong to use it for nothing more than tie-breaking.
> ...
> I think you can do this change _ONLY_ when we are operating under
> the "--tags" option.  That would place unannotated tags at a better
> location in the timestamp order than the current code does, without
> introducing issues with refs that are actively moving.

I'll leave "only do so under --tags" as an exercise to the reader,
but if we want to use the timestamp for tie-breaking between names
based on two branches, a patch to do so may look like this one.  

I am presenting it as a single ball of wax, but in the real history
I have (which I am not publishing, as I haven't decided if this is a
good direction to go in the first place), this is a two-patch
series, the first one that factors out is_better_name() without
doing anything else, followed by a commit that adds "from_tag" and
passes it throughout the callpath to allow is_better_name() to use
it to:

 - always favor names based on a tag;

 - between two names based on tags, favor name based on an older tag
   and tiebreak with distance;

 - between two names based on non-tags, favor name with shorter hops
   and tiebreak with age.

 builtin/name-rev.c | 43 ++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++-------
 1 file changed, 36 insertions(+), 7 deletions(-)

diff --git a/builtin/name-rev.c b/builtin/name-rev.c
index cd89d48b65..ba30c9ca23 100644
--- a/builtin/name-rev.c
+++ b/builtin/name-rev.c
@@ -13,6 +13,7 @@ typedef struct rev_name {
 	unsigned long taggerdate;
 	int generation;
 	int distance;
+	int from_tag;
 } rev_name;
 
 static long cutoff = LONG_MAX;
@@ -20,9 +21,31 @@ static long cutoff = LONG_MAX;
 /* How many generations are maximally preferred over _one_ merge traversal? */
 #define MERGE_TRAVERSAL_WEIGHT 65535
 
+static int is_better_name(struct rev_name *name,
+			  const char *tip_name,
+			  unsigned long taggerdate,
+			  int generation,
+			  int distance,
+			  int from_tag)
+{
+	if (name->from_tag > from_tag)
+		return 0;
+	else if (name->from_tag < from_tag)
+		return 1;
+
+	if (from_tag)
+		return (name->taggerdate > taggerdate ||
+			(name->taggerdate == taggerdate &&
+			 name->distance > distance));
+	else
+		return (name->distance > distance ||
+			(name->distance == distance &&
+			 name->taggerdate > taggerdate));
+}
+
 static void name_rev(struct commit *commit,
 		const char *tip_name, unsigned long taggerdate,
-		int generation, int distance,
+		int generation, int distance, int from_tag,
 		int deref)
 {
 	struct rev_name *name = (struct rev_name *)commit->util;
@@ -45,14 +68,14 @@ static void name_rev(struct commit *commit,
 		name = xmalloc(sizeof(rev_name));
 		commit->util = name;
 		goto copy_data;
-	} else if (name->taggerdate > taggerdate ||
-			(name->taggerdate == taggerdate &&
-			 name->distance > distance)) {
+	} else if (is_better_name(name, tip_name, taggerdate,
+				  generation, distance, from_tag)) {
 copy_data:
 		name->tip_name = tip_name;
 		name->taggerdate = taggerdate;
 		name->generation = generation;
 		name->distance = distance;
+		name->from_tag = from_tag;
 	} else
 		return;
 
@@ -72,10 +95,12 @@ static void name_rev(struct commit *commit,
 						   parent_number);
 
 			name_rev(parents->item, new_name, taggerdate, 0,
-				distance + MERGE_TRAVERSAL_WEIGHT, 0);
+				 distance + MERGE_TRAVERSAL_WEIGHT,
+				 from_tag, 0);
 		} else {
 			name_rev(parents->item, tip_name, taggerdate,
-				generation + 1, distance + 1, 0);
+				 generation + 1, distance + 1,
+				 from_tag, 0);
 		}
 	}
 }
@@ -174,9 +199,13 @@ static int name_ref(const char *path, const struct object_id *oid, int flags, vo
 	}
 	if (o && o->type == OBJ_COMMIT) {
 		struct commit *commit = (struct commit *)o;
+		int from_tag = starts_with(path, "refs/tags/");
 
+		if (taggerdate == ULONG_MAX)
+			taggerdate = ((struct commit *)o)->date;
 		path = name_ref_abbrev(path, can_abbreviate_output);
-		name_rev(commit, xstrdup(path), taggerdate, 0, 0, deref);
+		name_rev(commit, xstrdup(path), taggerdate, 0, 0,
+			 from_tag, deref);
 	}
 	return 0;
 }