Re: Disk setup to boot both RAID1 disks
- Date: Sat, 11 May 2019 13:29:40 +0200
- From: Pascal Hambourg <pascal@xxxxxxxxxxxxxxx>
- Subject: Re: Disk setup to boot both RAID1 disks
Le 11/05/2019 à 12:18, Rory Campbell-Lange a écrit :
I wish to configure a server with two SATA connected SSD disks in
I'm not sure how best to configure the disks for boot, particularly in
UEFI boot mode, to ensure that /dev/sdb can be booted if (for example)
I have been configuring each disk as follows:
Device Boot ... Size Id Type
/dev/sdb1 * ... 476M ef EFI (FAT-12/16/32)
/dev/sdb2 ... 119.2G 5 Extended
/dev/sdb5 ... 953M fd Linux raid autodetect -> /md0 (/boot)
/dev/sdb6 ... 1.9G fd Linux raid autodetect -> /md1 (swap)
/dev/sdb7 ... 4.7G fd Linux raid autodetect -> /md2 (/tmp)
/dev/sdb8 ... 111.8G fd Linux raid autodetect -> /md3 (/)
For EFI boot, I would have chosen GPT instead of DOS/MBR.
Some broken UEFI firmwares won't boot from DOS/MBR.
I would also have used LVM for anything but /boot and left some free
space in the volume group for future unforeseen needs. Actually even
/boot can be on LVM, but it is a bit less safe. Managing logical volumes
is easier than RAID arrays.
I have the following questions:
* is it advisable to have a separate EFI boot partition and separate
or are they effectively the same thing?
Not in Debian. The EFI partition is mounted on /boot/efi and must be
FAT. /boot on FAT may cause trouble when installing or upgrading a kernel.
* is there any benefit at all to having UEFI booting on a pure Linux
Not to my knowledge.
* is there a way to ensure that if there is a grub or kernel upgrade
that grub-install will operate on both /dev/sda and /dev/sdb?
A kernel upgrade does not run grub-install, only update-grub.
I think it is possible with grub-pc (GRUB for BIOS) if both locations
have been registered with dpkg-reconfigure.
I do not think it is possible with grub-efi-* because only one EFI
partition can be mounted on /boot/efi and you cannot register another
location. GRUB upgrades are not so frequent, so you can do it manually
when that happens. But it has caveats. By default grub-install creates
an EFI boot entry labelled "debian", and replace any boot entry with the
same label. So you must use the --bootloader-id option to force a
different label for the second EFI partition, or --no-nvram to not
update EFI boot variables and use efibootmrg to create a custom boot entry.
My method of choice would be to install GRUB in the "removable path"
location of each EFI partition with the --removable option because it
does not need to register EFI boot entries. But I have observed an UEFI
firmware (the same which requires GPT for EFI boot) which ignores the
removable path location if an EFI boot entry pointing to the same disk
exists (even though not functional) so beware. Actually the most
difficult part is to work around the UEFI firmware bugs.