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Re: Get the external IP address from a Linux box

On Thu, 24 May 2018 08:13:54 +0100
André Rodier <andre@xxxxxxxxx> wrote:

> On Thu, 2018-05-24 at 09:07 +0200, Alberto Luaces wrote:
> > Joe writes:
> >   
> > > On the assumption that you are using a router of some kind, your
> > > public
> > > IP address will be that of the router WAN port (cable, ADSL, etc.)
> > > and
> > > there will be a method of determining that by connecting to the
> > > router
> > > as an administrator. That method will depend entirely on the
> > > router.  
> > 
> > If the router supports upnp and it is activated, you can check the
> > external IP in an device-independent way with
> > 
> > upnpc -l | grep ExternalIPAddress
> >   
> Thank you, finally an answer that make sense and is not pedantic.
How is it possible to avoid being pedantic? You told us nothing about
your Internet connection, or Debian version, so we had to guess at what
information you actually wanted and which device to ask.

> I tried this, but it is not 100% reliable. For instance, with the
> firewall / router I use, upnp id not activated. I suppose I will have
> to write a custom python script.

So presumably it isn't your computer's external address that you want,
but that of your router. I was a bit surprised to see upnp mentioned, I
thought it was only game-players who were willing to run that, and
Debian would not be their OS of choice.

From (not recent) experience of talking to routers, you may have telnet
or ssh available, otherwise it's an http admin login, followed by one or
two router-specific commands. You might be lucky, and the default
router status page without login may contain the WAN address.

A couple of lines of bash should do it: use curl, and you'll probably
have to provide the admin password, so the script should probably be
stored in /root. My routers in years gone by used to need an occasional
reboot, so I had a script running every ten minutes to check multiple
websites for connectivity, and if none were found, to issue a reboot