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Running GParted and Synaptic without entering password




The underlying problem is not understanding what I read concerning sudo &/or /etc/sudoers (*INCLUDING* man pages).

Only *ONE* individual has physical access to my _personal_ machine.
Therefore, any distinction between 'richard' and 'root' is inherently artificial.

The result I wish to achieve is to click on the icon for either GParted or Synaptic *WITHOUT* being asked for a password (either root's or user's).

I've found vague hints that adding a line to my local /etc/sudoers file
such as
  richard     ALL = /usr/sbin/gparted , /usr/sbin/synaptic
would accomplish my goal.
Is that correct?

Also my reading suggested that adding myself to sudoers group would be required.

This has an undesired side effect. I'm asked for my user password instead of my root password. I currently have four different installs of Debian each having an intentionally identical sets of UID, GID, and passwords. No matter which install is active, if asked for an admin
password I want it to be the 'root password'

N.B.
My previous statement
The result I wish to achive is to click on the icon for either
GParted or Synaptic *WITHOUT* being asked for a password > (either root's or user's).
would apply only to the install on this partition.