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Re: Installing Debian 9




> On 2018-03-24 00:34, Ben Caradoc-Davies wrote:
>> On 24/03/18 10:20, 😝 😝 wrote:
>>> Hello, I am trying to install Debian 9 as a primary OS on an Acer Aspire 5 Laptop. During the installation process I get a message stating; “Debian 9 Detect network hardware Some of your hardware needs non-free firmware files to operate. The firmware can be loaded from removable media, such as a USB stick or floppy...” it then proceeds to list the missing files. I would appreciate greatly a hasty response as I need this laptop up and running as soon as possible.
>> 
>> Follow the instructions here:
>> https://wiki.debian.org/Firmware
>> 
>> "A suggestion, especially when installing on unfamiliar hardware, is to download the firmware archive for your platform and unpack it into a directory named firmware in the root of a removable storage device (USB/CD drive). When the installer starts, it will automatically find the firmware files in the directory on the removable storage and, if needed, install the firmware for your hardware. You can find firmware downloads for your Debian version at [...]" and then choose the stretch archive easiest to unpack (e.g. tar.gz on Linux or .zip on Windows) <http://cdimage.debian.org/cdimage/unofficial/non-free/firmware/stretch/current/>. Unpack this and make sure all the .deb files are in a directory called "firmware" in the root of a thumb drive that you insert during installation. The installer should find them.
>> 
>> Alternatively, use an unofficial netinst with included firmware:
>> http://cdimage.debian.org/cdimage/unofficial/non-free/cd-including-firmware/ 
>> For example, for stretch amd64:
>> http://cdimage.debian.org/cdimage/unofficial/non-free/cd-including-firmware/9.4.0+nonfree/amd64/iso-cd/ 
>> 
>> Kind regards,

On Mar 30, 2018, at 12:47 PM, Stefan Rhodin <linux@xxxxxxx> wrote:

> Hi.
> 
> What I do is add "contrib non-free" on every line after the word main in /etc/apt/sources.list. Minus the " " of course.
> 
> Then I type apt update and let it run its course. Then type apt install firmware-linux-nonfree and reboot. That should take care of it hopefully.

This is what I do as well.  It works as long as you can get a basic install to complete without use of the non-free hardware.  For example: If (as is often the case) the non-free hardware is a wi-fi card, you will have to connect to the network with a wired link (i.e. Ethernet) during the installation and subsequent update to bring in the non-free driver.

Hope it helps!
Rick