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Re: What problem might happen when bumping soname without adding Conflicts:/Breaks:?




Am Donnerstag, den 29.03.2018, 21:43 +0300 schrieb Adrian Bunk:
> On Wed, Mar 28, 2018 at 08:08:07PM -0700, Russ Allbery wrote:
> > Boyuan Yang <073plan@xxxxxxxxx> writes:
> > 
> > > * Upstream released new version and bumped SONAME to 2
> > > * -dev package didn't change its name
> > > * My mentor suggests that the new library package
> > > (libdframeworkdbus2) should 
> > > add the relationship "Conflicts: libdframeworkdbus1"
> > 
> > You do not want to do that.  It defeats one of the primary purposes
> > for changing the package name: allowing both versions of the shared
> > library to be co-installed.
> > ...
> 
> The default in Debian is to allow coinstallation of the libraries,
> but there are actually cases where it is better to add a Conflicts.
> 
> Without symbol versioning it is a problem if you end up with both 
> libraries in a binary, in this case e.g.:
>   deepin-menu -> libdframeworkdbus1
>   deepin-menu -> libdtkwidget2 -> libdframeworkdbus2
Since the -dev package doesn't change name this can only happen in the
SO-name transition phase, and a binary rebuild of the reverse
dependencies will fix this since it will pull in only the latest
version, and AFAIK the release team scheduls this kind of rebuild of
reverse deps when a so-name transition is done.

> Even with symbol versions things can go badly in some cases,
> like the OpenSSL situation in stretch being a complete mess and
> in some cases using the wrong OpenSSL can result in your application
> just segfaulting (e.g. the libcurl API passes an opaque OpenSSL
> struct).
Well, openssl has/had two different -dev package, which made this
problem possible.

> OpenSSL is special due to two versions being supported in stretch,
> otherwise a Conflicts between libssl1.0.2 and libssl1.1 might have
> been a good solution.
But it would have meant for the user that they can notonly co-install
packages that depend on the same library version.

Best,
Gert