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Re: Automatically populate resolv.conf when new DNS is acquired




On 2018-06-26 04:33, john doe wrote:
> In gnupg2 the use of dirmngr utility is required to interact with a keyserver.
> Dirmngr requires that '/etc/resolv.conf' be populated with my name servers.
> That means that everytime the dns changes (new network ...) I need to manually
> edit that file.
> How can I let Cygwin update that file whenever the DNS is changed?

Attached an awk script to generate resolv.conf from Windows ipconfig /all
output, run from .cygwin_profile (sourced under Cygwin from login .bash_profile)
using the stanza below: it only replaces an existing writable /etc/resolv.conf
when the content changes - touch, chown, chmod /etc/resolv.conf to enable.

# update /etc/resolv.conf if changed
c=/etc/resolv.conf
test -w $c					&& \
i=$(/usr/bin/which -- ipconfig)			&& \
r=$(/usr/bin/which -- resolv.awk)		&& \
t=$(/bin/mktemp -t -- resolv.conf.$$.XXXXXXXX)  && \
if $i /all | $r      >  $t; then
    /usr/bin/cmp -s -- $t $c	|| \
    /bin/cp -fv     -- $t $c
    /bin/rm -f	    -- $t
fi

unset c i r t

This could be used in a bash script run from a Windows scheduled task when a
relevant DHCP event occurs: you can find DHCP events by checking Windows Admin
Tools/Event Viewer/Window Logs/System/Filter Current Log/Event
Sources/Dhcp-Client,DHCPv6-Client, or a similar PowerShell script.

-- 
Take care. Thanks, Brian Inglis, Calgary, Alberta, Canada
#!/usr/bin/awk -f
# resolv.awk - create Windows resolv.conf from ipconfig /all output

				{ sub( /\r/, "", $NF) }	# trim \r

# collect DNS domain suffixes
/D[Nn][Ss]\sSuffix[^:]*:\s\S/	{ domain[$NF] = $NF }

# collect DNS search suffixes
/Search\sList[^:]*:\s\S/	{ search[$NF] = $NF }

# collect DNS server IP addresses
/DNS\sServers[^:]*:\s\S/	{ dns = 1 }			# enable

dns && $NF ~ /^[0-9.]+$/	{ nameserver[++ns] = $NF }	# collect

dns && $NF !~ /^[0-9.]+$/	{ dns = 0 }			# disable

# output unique resolv.conf entries
END {
    for (n = 1; n <= ns; ++n)	{ print "nameserver", nameserver[n] }

    for (d in domain)		{ print "domain", domain[d] }

    p = "search"

    for (s in search)		{
	printf "%s %s", p, search[s]
	p = ""
    }

    if (!p)			{ print p }
}

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