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Re: Unicode width data inconsistent/outdated




Am 28.07.2017 um 21:58 schrieb Corinna Vinschen:
On Jul 26 23:43, Thomas Wolff wrote:
Am 26.07.2017 um 11:50 schrieb Corinna Vinschen:
On Jul 26 03:16, Yaakov Selkowitz wrote:
On 2017-07-26 03:08, Corinna Vinschen wrote:
On Jul 26 08:49, Thomas Wolff wrote:
It would be good to keep wcwidth/wcswidth in sync with the installed
Unicode data version (package unicode-ucd).
Currently it seems to be hard-coded (in newlib/libc/string/wcwidth.c);
it refers to Unicode 5.0 while installed Unicode data suggest 9.0 would
be used.
I can provide some scripts to generate the respective tables if desired.
Thomas
If you can update the newlib files this way and send matching patches
to the newlib list, this would be highly appreciated.
Thomas, I just updated unicode-ucd to 10.0 for this purpose.
Thanks.
Oh, and, btw, the comment in wcwidth.c isn't quite correct.  The
cwstate in newlib is on Unicode 5.2, see newlib/libc/ctype/towupper.c.
Oh, a number of other embedded tables. To make the tow* and isw* functions
more easily adaptable to Unicode updates, there will be some revisions to do
here. And the to* and is* ones (without 'w') even refer to locales in a way
I do not understand. Maybe I'll restrict my effort to wcwidth first...
The to* and is* ones (without 'w') don't matter at all and you don't
have to touch them.

The Unicode stuff only affects the tow and isw functions.

As for how to fetch the data, you may want to have a look into
newlib/libc/ctype/utf8alpha.h and newlib/libc/ctype/utf8print.h.  The
header comments contain the awk scripts used to collect the data.
But there are no instructions to adapt the embedded conditional statements referring to those data... My attempt would be to base the functions on a common table of character categories instead.

All other isw* files like iswblank.c contain comments explaining
what Unicode character categories are covered.
I'm comparing results based on Unicode 5.2 data. There will be some deviations and maybe some things to discuss. For example, I wonder why in the current implementation currency symbols are considered as punctuation (which can be easily reproduced).

Also, there are 3 other issues:


Issue 1 is about handling non-BMP characters by wcwidth.
This has been discussed before.

On Mon, 31 Jan 2011 09:58:19 -0700 (https://sourceware.org/ml/cygwin/2011-01/msg00453.html)
Erik Blake wrote:
POSIX requires that 1 wchar_t corresponds to 1 character; so any use of surrogates to get the full benefit of UTF-16 falls outside the bounds of POSIX. At which point, the POSIX definition of those functions no longer apply, and we can (try) to make the various wc* functions try to behave as smartly as possible (as is the case with Cygwin); where those smarts are only needed when you use surrogate pairs.

On Wed, 2 Feb 2011 12:29:03 +0100 (https://sourceware.org/ml/cygwin/2011-02/msg00037.html)
Bruno Haible wrote:
Code that uses <wctype.h> and wcwidth() is written precisely according to POSIX. The problem is that this code cannot work correctly when wchar_t[] is in UTF-16 encoding. There simply is no way to define these functions in a reasonable way for surrogates.
I don’t agree with this, see below.

On Wed, 2 Feb 2011 13:21:02 +0100 (https://sourceware.org/ml/cygwin/2011-02/msg00040.html)
Corinna Vinschen wrote:
And, please note the wording in SUSv4, for instance in http://calimero.vinschen.de/susv4/functions/iswalpha.html
(not found)
  The wc argument is a wint_t, the value of which the application shall
                       ^^^^^^                         ^^^^^^^^^^^
ensure is a wide-character code corresponding to a valid character in the current locale, or equal to the value of the macro WEOF. If the argument has any other value, the behavior is undefined. I don't see any words in that which would disallow to convert UTF-16 wchar_t surrogates to a wint_t UTF-32 value before calling one of the wctype functions. Just like you have to be careful not to call the ctype functions with a signed char.

While wcswidth works already (using internal __wcwidth), and the isw* and tow* functions work as well because they use wint_t, wcwidth is the only function (inconsistently insisting on wchar_t) that does not work.
But note https://linux.die.net/man/3/wcwidth which says
Note that glibc before 2.2.5 used the prototype
int wcwidth(wint_t c);
Why not revert to wcwidth(wint_t)?
I think for cygwin it is the only solution that makes wcwidth work for non-BMP characters and is also compatible (unlike some proposals discussed later in the quoted thread).


Issue 2 is the handling of titlecase characters (e.g. "Nj" as one Unicode character U+01CB). The current implementation considers them to be both upper and lower (iswupper: return towlower (c) != c); I'd rather consider them as neither upper nor lower (iswalpha (c) && towupper (c) == c).
https://linux.die.net/man/3/iswupper allows both interpretations:
The wide-character class "upper" contains *at least* those characters wc which are equal to towupper(wc) and different from towlower(wc).


Issue 3 is the special conversion jp2uc which seems to be half-bred; there is no such handling for Chinese or Korean. If by definition the arguments of isw* functions are not Unicode but wide characters according of the current locale (not sure where that is defined), they must be transformed for all locales (CJK and also 8-bit ones); also in towupper and towlower the result must be transformed back to the current locale encoding (now missing).


Thomas

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